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Quotas and Affirmative Action

University of California Regents v. Bakke

What is the difference between quota and an affirmative action program? Should a school have a lower set of criteria for minorities?

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A Quota is a pre-determined number that must be filled. In this context, it would mean that a certain number of workers would have to be a certain race or a certain sex. Quotas at large are outlawed and not allowed other than by court order to remedy misconduct and even then they are challenged.

Affirmative Action programs seek to set a good faith efforts taken by a federal fund recipient to ensure equal opportunity and eliminate barriers to equal treatment, which have historically affected certain groups.

From , here are examples of good faith efforts:

Establish a written ...