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SER versus ESTAR - to be

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How do I know when to use SER or ESTAR as they both mean "to be"?

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Characteristics- Juan es alto.
Nationality- Juan es mexicano
Origin- Juan es de Mexico
Time- Es la una. (it's one o'clock)
Equality- Juan es ...

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Ser or Estar. Uses of these two verbs in Spanish

Ser or Estar?

There are other differences (besides "temporary" vs. "permanent") between these two troublesome guys! And what about this? Sometimes we use "to be" in English, but the translation in Spanish is neither "ser" nor "estar". . . but "tener" or "haber" (as if it were not confusing enough already).
This library solution will give you some pointers for you to decide more confidently when to choose "ser" and when to choose "estar". First, consider the following questions:

What verb would you use . . . ?

To talk about someone's nationality? Profession?
To talk about possession?
To express time? A date? An address?
State, mood?
To describe someone's looks or personality?
To talk about relationships?
Civil status?

How about these two cases in which you would use "to be" in English?

To talk about existence?

Please see attached file for practice exercises.

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