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Coffee Exports: Columbia

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1.The History of Columbian Coffee
3.From crop to cup
4.Exporters and Importers

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Step 1
The history of Columbian coffee commenced in 16th century when Jesuit priests arrived from Europe. At that time some leaders in Columbia were persuading people to plant coffee. There was resistance because a coffee tree takes five years to provide its first crop. A priest, Romero had a novel idea, instead of penance at confession, he told people to plant between 3 or 4 coffee trees. The Archbishop encouraged this idea and for penance this became a general practice. Documented history says that the coffee plant has spread in Columbia by 1790. This testimony is also written by a Jesuit priest. Archbishop Viceroy Caballero y Gongora also registered this presence in 1787. In eastern Columbia the first crops were planted in 1835, when 2,500 green coffee bags were exported from Cucuta. The priests continued to require as penance the cultivation of coffee. The main thrust of exports of Columbian coffee took place in the second half of the 19th century. Between 1850 and 1857 Columbia focused on tobacco and quinine exports. By 1875, Columbia was exporting 170,000 bags of coffee to US and Europe. Columbian coffee was hit at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century when the profitability of the large estates dropped. The coffee business was also hit by the Thousand Days War. The National Federation of Coffee Growers of Columbia was formed in 1927. A very successful marketing campaign boosted the sales of Colombian Coffee in 1959. They created a mascot called Juan Valdez. The mascot is still associated with Columbian coffee. The peak of Columbian exports of coffee was reached in 1992 when it exported 17,000,000 bags. Its current exports average 11,000,000 bags annually.

Step 2
Coffee production in Columbia takes place when coffee is planted. Columbian coffee is most preferred and is a favorite of many people because of its rich taste and full flavor. When planted the coffee thrives when grown and cultivated in areas with high altitude and in warm weather. Columbia has the right environment for coffee cultivation. Columbian coffee has a full-bodied texture and a distinguishable taste and flavor. It is affected by the growing process and the ...

Solution Summary

This posting gives you a step-by-step explanation of coffee exports from Columbia. The response also contains the sources used.