What were the origins of the Enlightenment and what new ideas did the philosophies contribute to European thinking about politics, economics, education, religion and the place of women in society? In particular, how did Enlightenment ideas affect the practice of European politics through Enlightened Absolutism and the French Revolution?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 5:14 pm ad1c9bdddf
The Enlightenment had a profound effect on Europeon history, and is matched by no other movement in the hisotry of mankind. Let's look at the major concepts then, and how they relate to the major changes in politics, education, religion and women as a result of this movement.
1. The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as originating froma larger period which includes the Age of Reason. The term also more specifically refers to a historical intellectual movement, "The Enlightenment." This movement advocated rationality as a means to establish an authoritative system of ethics, aesthetics, and knowledge. The intellectual leaders of this movement regarded themselves as courageous and elite. Indeed, they regarded their purpose as leading the world toward progress and out of a long period of doubtful tradition, full of irrationality, superstition, and tyranny (which they believed began during a historical period they called the "Dark Ages").
"The Enlightenment" ...
This solution discusses aspects of the Enlightenment era e.g. origin, new ideas the philosophies contribute to European thinking about politics, economics, education, religion and the place of women in society; and how Enlightenment ideas affected the practice of European politics through Enlightened Absolutism and the French Revolution. References are provided.