When Thomas Jefferson (along with a few others) put together the Declaration of Independence it was his version on what an "ideal society" would be. If I understand it correctly - he relies on the argument that since the King did not follow rules that governed society that the people had a right to re-create a society.
Now what I am trying to figure out is:
Let's say I am a 'Relativist' and I am challenging Thomas Jefferson that there is NO "Ideal Society", what are some points that I would need as ammunition to argue with Thomas Jefferson on his version of an 'Ideal Society'. ?While all the time making sure the conversation is based on the "argument' basis of the Declaration of Independence and not on the descriptions of it?
Not to backtrack or anything but in order to fully answer your question let me first address the philosophy of government which provided the basis to the Declaration of Independence. Then I will move to the philosophy which argued against the basic premise of the Declaration.
When Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence he was echoing much of the philosophy of John Locke. In Locke's <i>Two Treatises on Government</i> he argues that the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens. According to Locke all individuals are born with basic freedoms to do as they please. These freedoms include life, liberty, and property; for Jefferson it was life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. In a state of nature, however, these laws cannot be guaranteed, thus the need for a social contract. Under the social contract, the people come together to create a government and it is the responsibility of the government to protect the individual rights. Thus, all governments receive their authority by the power given to them by the people. Locke argues that ...