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Monroe Doctrine

Analyze the causes and consequences of the Monroe Doctrine, and explain the relationship of the doctrine to the permanent issue of the United States interactions with its Latin American neighbors.

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RESPONSE:

You could position yourself with the critics and argue that it is United States exercising its dominance over Latin America, or that it is a protection for Latin America from European domination or war.

Let's take a closer look.

James Monroe: James Monroe was the nation's fifth president. He was president during the Era of Good Feelings. He was also the last of the Democratic-Republican presidents.

Monroe Doctrine (1823)

Definition: Presidential Proclamation by President James Monroe. Basically, it warned European nations not to get involved
in political matters in Central and South America. In fact, Monroe's greatest successes were in foreign policy. First and foremost was the Monroe Doctrine, which declared that other countries in the Western Hemisphere were under the protection of the United States. This discouraged European powers from interfering in the new governments of several Latin American countries. Monroe also concluded treaties with Britain, Spain, and Russia for setting boundaries from Oregon to Minnesota. Lastly, Monroe sent Andrew Jackson, hero of the War of 1812 Battle of New Orleans, into Florida to secure that territory from the Spanish. Jackson was successful, and the whole of Florida became American for a price of $5 million. The Monroe Doctrine was intended to show that the United States was the only country that could influence such political matters in Latin American countries. It proclaimed that European powers would no longer colonize or interfere with the affairs of the nations of the Americas. The United States planned to stay neutral in wars between European powers and its colonies. However, if these latter types of wars were to occur in the Americas, the United States would view such action as hostile. Further, several countries in South American had recently undergone revolutions against their European colonial owners and ended up with republican governments. The United States agreed with their political philosophy and did not want to see those newly free nations become ...

Solution Summary

Analyzes the causes and consequences of the Monroe Doctrine. It debates from both sides the relationship of the doctrine to the permanent issue of the United States interactions with its Latin American neighbors.

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