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# Substituting equations

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This is perhaps more of a mathematical question nonetheless, I'm unsure how (cant seem to arrive at the result) substituting equation 3-27 into 3-23 results in 3-28. Please see the attachment.

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The expert examines substitution equation explanations. The solution is given step-by-step with explanation and a diagram in an attachment.

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See attachment.

Given the Rician PDF

(3.23)

Probability of False Alarm

The probability of false alarm is equal to the area underneath from the threshold to infinity, that is:

(3.24)

Similarly, the probability of ...

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