# Substituting equations

This is perhaps more of a mathematical question nonetheless, I'm unsure how (cant seem to arrive at the result) substituting equation 3-27 into 3-23 results in 3-28. Please see the attachment.

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#### Solution Preview

See attachment.

Given the Rician PDF

(3.23)

Probability of False Alarm

The probability of false alarm is equal to the area underneath from the threshold to infinity, that is:

(3.24)

Similarly, the probability of ...

#### Solution Summary

The expert examines substitution equation explanations. The solution is given step-by-step with explanation and a diagram in an attachment.

$2.19