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# tariffs and import quotas

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Chp 8

17. Suppose Americans can buy any number of birdcages on the world market at a price P0. American manufacturers have an upward sloping supply curve that intersects the American demand curve at a price above P0.

a. At what price must American birdcages sell? Illustrate the gains to Americans from the existence of the birdcage market.
b. Suppose the government imposes a quota, by which only Q0 birdcages per year can be imported from abroad, were Q0 is less than the number currently being imported. Show that there is only one price consistent with Americans being willing to import exactly Q0 birdcages per year, and explain why the price will rise to that level.
c. Who wins and who loses as a result of the quota? Use a graph to illustrate the deadweight loss.
d. Is the quota better or worse for Americans than a tariff that reduces the quantity of imported birdcages to Q0?

https://brainmass.com/economics/supply-and-demand/tariffs-import-quotas-69610

#### Solution Preview

Chp 8

17. Suppose Americans can buy any number of birdcages on the world market at a price P0. American manufacturers have an upward sloping supply curve that intersects the American demand curve at a price above P0.

a. At what price must American birdcages sell? Illustrate the gains to Americans from the existence of the birdcage market.

Ans ; Since the domestic price is above the world price, America will import birdcages from other countries. This can be shown in the following figure.

In the above figure, the domestic price is Pd, which is higher than the world price Po. Since , the domestic price is higher than the world price, the country will import .America will import Qs Qd quantity of birdcages from other countries. So, after the trade, the price will come down to Po & it is ...

#### Solution Summary

Use a graph to illustrate the deadweight loss.

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