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Multiple choice questions

1. As an objective, the maximization of profits ignores
A. the timing of cash flows
B. the time value of money concept
C. the riskiness of cash flows.
D. All of the above.

2. Which of the following is the best example of "how should goods and services be produced"?
A. the production of a new manufacturing facility
B. the production of jet aircraft for air force or for commercial airlines
C. use of additional full time workers versus the use of supplementary part-time workers
D. none of the above

3. Which of the following best describes "Market Value Added"?
A. The value added to the product the firm produces above and beyond the costs of the inputs.
B. The difference between the book value of equity and debt versus the market value of the firm.
C. The difference between the market value of the firm and the amount of contributed capital.
D. None of the above accurately describe Market Value Added.

4. Which of the following will result in the firm maximizing its profits
Production of the quantity of output which will maximize the firm's revenues
B. Production of the quantity of output which will minimize the firm's costs
C. Production of the quantity of output which equates revenue generated from the marginal unit or last unit with the costs incurred for the marginal unit or the last unit produced.
D. Production of the quantity which results in the firm utilizing all of its productive capacity.

5. Transactions costs of a good or service being higher than internal provision:
A. results in inefficiency if the firm provides the good or service itself
B. results in the firm providing the good or service for itself.
C. acts as an incentive for the firm to seek out an external supplier.
D. results in the firm avoiding this good or service.

6. An increase in supply:
A. will cause the supply curve to shift to the left.
B. could be caused by a decrease in the price of a necessary factor of production.
C. means sellers will produce less at any price.
D. will cause the quantity demanded to fall.

7. Which of the following would indicate that price is temporarily above its market equilibrium?
A. there are a number of producers who are left with unwanted inventories
B. there are a number of customers who must be placed on waiting list for the product
C. firms decide to leave the market
D.all of the above

8. The guiding function of price is
A. the movement of price to clear the market of any shortage or surplus
B. the use of price as a signal to guide government on the use of market subsidies
C. a long run function resulting in the movement of resources into and out of markets
D. the movement of price as a result of changes in the demand for a product

9. Two points are given on a linear demand curve: A (Q=5500, P = 0) and B(Q = 0, P =110). The demand curve is given by
A. Q = 550 - 50P
B. Q = 4500 - 500P
C. Q = 5500 - 500P
D. Q = 500 - 100P
E. none of the above

10. Compared to last year, more television sets are being bought while the selling price has fallen. This could have caused by:
A. an exception to the law of demand.
B. an increase in supply.
C. an increase in demand.
D. a decrease in supply.

11. Which of the following is not a factor which will shift the demand curve for some product?
A. An increase in the price of a substitute good
B. An increase in the price of the good itself.
C. An increase in consumer income.
D. An expectation of a future price decline

12. If we observe the price of a good or service rising, then this could have been caused by:
A. an increase in demand.
B. an increase in supply.
C. a temporary surplus.
D. a small increase in demand accompanied with a huge increase in supply.

13. Annual Demand and Supply for a computer company is given by:
Qd = 5000 +.5I +.2A -100P
Qs = -5000 + 100P
Q is the quantity per year, P is price, I is income and A is advertising expenditure.
Given that A = $10,000 and I = $25,000 what is the equilibrium price and quantity?

A. Q = 7,250, P = $122.50
B. Q = 19500, P = $100
C. Q = 5000, P =$135
D. impossible to find

14. Complete the statement: If the price elasticity of demand is 0.60, a 20% increase in price will decrease the quantity demanded by ____ %.
A. 6
B. 10
C. 12
D. none of the above

15. If an increase in the price of accordions does not change total revenue from accordion sales, we infer that the price elasticity of demand for accordions is ____________ .
A. highly elastic
B. highly inelastic
C. unitary elastic
D. not determinable

16. You have learnt that the concept of elasticity is more general than just price elasticity of demand. Government economists sometimes talk of income tax rate elasticity of demand for consumer goods. They mean:
A. the percentage change in disposable (after-tax) income due to the change in the tax rate.
B.the percentage change in quantity demanded due to percentage change in tax rate
C. the percentage change in tax rate
D. the total demand change due to the tax rate change

17. A technological improvement lowers the cost of producing corn. As a result, the price of a pound of corn _________ and the quantity of corn______________.
A. rises , increases
B.rises, decreases
C. falls, increases
D. falls, decreases

18. Suppose a company uses the following regression equation to predict the growth of sales overtime: Y = 2.4 + 3.4t where t = time. What is the forecast for sales in year 5?
A. 22.0
B. 22.8
C. 19.4
D. 23.5
E. 24.0

19. If somebody says "R-square of my regression equation is very high", what could it possibly mean?
A. the value of R-square is close to 100
B. means t-values are greater than 2
C. a high proportion of the variation in the dependent variable can be accounted for by the variation in the independent variables
D. the regression equation is not a good fit to the data available
E. responses 2, 3 and 4 are correct

In order to determine whether or not the sales volume of a company (Y in millions of dollars) is related to advertising expenditures (X1 in millions of dollars) and the number of salespeople (X2), data were gathered for 10 years. Part of the regression results is shown below.

Predictor Coefficient Standard error

Constant 7.0174 1.8972

X1 8.6233 2.3968
X2 0.0858 0.1845

Analysis of Variance
Source of Variation Degrees of Freedom Sum of Squares Mean Square F

Regression 321.11

Error 63.39

Use the Above results and write the regression equation that can be used to predict sales.
A. Y = 7.0174 + 8.6233X1+ 0.0858X2
B. Y = 8.6233 + 7.0174X1+ 0.0858X2
C. Y = 7.0174 + 0.0858X1+ 8.6233X2
D. Y = 0.0858 + 8.6233X1+ 7.0174X2
E. None of the above.

21. Using the rule of 2, test to see if the coefficient of X1 is significantly different from zero.
A. t = 3.59 ;not significant
B. t = 2.365; significant
C. t = 3.59;not significant
D. t = 3.59 > ; significant
E. Not enough information.

22. Which of the following represents a situation in which a moving average forecast may be the most appropriate?
A. There is a substantial amount of time to produce the forecast.
B. Fluctuations in the trend have seasonal or cyclical components
C. There is no pronounced trend.
D. None of the above represent a situation in which a moving average forecast would be appropriate.

23. Which of the following statements is / are true?
A. Smoothing techniques are most applicable when time is short and funds for forecasting are relatively scarce.
B. Smoothing forecasts may be inappropriate if the variable to be forecast is prone to frequent changes of direction.
C. exponential smoothing forecast will be inappropriate if the firm requires multiple period forecasts into the future.
D. all of the above

24. Change in consumer price index for services, average duration of unemployment are all examples of
A. leading indicators
B. coincident indicators
C. lagging indicators
D.none of the above

25. The forecasting method that involves using an average of past observation to predict the future (if the forecaster feels that the future is a reflection of some average of past results) is the
A. forcasting with smoothing techniques
B. econometric forecasting method
C. least square method
D. both 1and 3
E. both 1 and 2

26. Given the demand function Q = 25 - 3.5P + 8I ( P = price and I = disposable income), the income elasticity of demand when P = 10 and I = 10 is:
A. 3.5
B. 1.14
C. 2.1
D. .5
E. none of the above

27. Valentine's Day is the best day of the year for selling roses at River Road Florist. Dozens of roses sold on Valentine's Day over six years are as follows:
Year Dozen
1996 104
1997 109
1998 101
1999 114
2000 104
2001 100

What is the Mean Squared Error for years 1999 - 2001 using 3 year moving average? (Points: 4)
A. 6.00
B. 6.55
C. 7.89
D. 9.33
E. None of the above

28. The following are actual sales for the periods given:

Period Sales
1 750
2 820
3 600
4 850
5 900

If the exponential smoothing forecasting is used and the smoothing factor is .6, what will be the forecast for period 6?
A. 761
B. 672
C. 852
D. 792

29. Which of the following is a leading economic indicator?
A. Average hours in manufacturing
B. Money supply M2
C. Stock prices, 500 common stocks
D. all of the above

30. Charting observations on a semi-log graph will help the analyst to ascertain whether
A. percentage changes from period to period are constant
B. percentage changes from period to period are declining
C. none of the above
D. both 1 and 2 are true

31. The use of a dummy variable in regression analysis A. indicates that a researchers does not really know what to include in the equation
B. indicates that an independent variable is qualitative in nature like war, earthquake, sex, race and cannot be easily quantified.
C. indicates that insufficient data is available for the analysis.
D. none of the above

32. For a regression equation Q = 100 - 10X1 + 25X2, which of the following statements is true?
A. When X1 decreases by 1 unit, Q decreases by 10 units
B. When X1 increases by 10 unit, Q decreases by 1 unit
C. When X2 increases by 25 unit, Q decreases by 1 unit
D. When X2 increases by 1 unit Q increases by 25 units


Solution Summary

32 Multiple choice questions maximization of profits, production of goods and services, Market Value Added, Transactions costs, market equilibrium, demand curve, demand curve, price elasticity of demand, regression, moving average forecast, consumer price index, exponential smoothing forecasting are answered and explained