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    Mergers and P/E Ratios.

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    Mergers and P/E Ratios.

    Castles in the Sand currently sells at a price-earnings multiple of 10. The firm has 2 million shares outstanding, and sells at a price per share of $40. Firm Foundation has a P/E multiple of 8, has 1 million shares outstanding, and sells at a price per share of
    $20.

    a. If Castles acquires the other firm by exchanging one of its shares for every two of Firm
    Foundation's, what will be the earnings per share of the merged firm?

    b. What should be the P/E of the new firm if the merger has no economic gains? What will
    happen to Castles's price per share? Show that shareholders of neither Castles nor Firm
    Foundation realize any change in wealth.

    c. What will happen to Castles's price per share if the market does not realize that the P/E ratio of the merged firm ought to differ from Castles's premerger ratio?

    d. How are the gains from the merger split between shareholders of the two firms if the market is fooled as in part (c)?

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    https://brainmass.com/economics/principles-of-mathematical-economics/mergers-and-p-e-ratios-123169

    Solution Preview

    A.
    Ps = Share Price
    PE = Price to Earnings Ratio = Ps / EPS
    EPS = Earnings per Share = Earnings / No of Shares

    So we have
    EPS = Ps / PE
    Earnings = EPS * No of Shares

    Before the Merger:
    For CIS -
    Ps = $40
    PE = 10
    No. of Shares = 2,000,000

    EPS = Ps / PE = $40 / 10 = $4.00
    Earnings = EPS x No. of Shares = $4.00 x 2,000,000 = $8,000,000

    For FF -
    Ps = $20
    PE = 8
    No. of Shares = 1,000,000

    EPS = Ps / PE = $20 / 8 = $2.50
    Earnings = EPS x No. of Shares = $2.50 x 1,000,000 = $2,500,000

    After the Merger -
    Combined Earnings = $8,000,000 + $2,500,000 = $10,500,000

    Total ...

    $2.19