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    Finding the Markup and Optimal Output Levels

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    I need some help in answering these two questions:
    1. An airplane manufacturer has annual fixed costs of $50 million. Its variable cots are expected to be $2 million per plane. If the manufacturer wants to earn a 10 percent rate of return on its investment of $400 million and expects to produce 100 aircraft this year, what will its markup on total cost have to be? If its expects to produce 150 aircraft, what will its markup have to be?

    2. There are only two firms in the widget industry. The total demand for widgets is Q=30-2P. The two firms have identical cost functions, TC=3+10Q. The two firms agree to collude and act as though the industry were a monopoly. At what price and quantity will this cartel maximize its profits?

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    Solution Preview

    1. Case 1 : Output, Q=100
    Fixed Cost=TFC=$50 million
    Per Unit variable Cost=V=$2 milliom
    Variable Cost=TVC=V*Q=2*100=$200 million
    Total ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution address the two problems, by depicting steps to estimate the markup on cost and also demonstrates the methodology to find the optimal price and output combination in the given case with step-by-step workings and formulas shown.