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Increase in Nominal and Real GDP

Suppose an economy produces only two goods, cups of coffee and gallons of milk, as shown in Table 11.E1: (in attachment)
a. Calculate the expenditure on each good and the nominal and real GDP for 2010, the base year.
b. Repeat this exercise for each of the three alter-native cases (1, 2, and 3).
c. Explain the differences between nominal GDP and real GDP in each of these cases.
The following table shows the labor force data: The percent of the population in the labor force has increased from 60 percent in 1969 to more than 66 percent in 1992 and later years. The unemployment rate was very low during the booming periods of the late 1960s and the late 1990s. It increased substantially during the recessions of 1982 and 1991. The "jobless recovery" from the 2001 recession is evidenced by the relatively high unemployment rate in 2003. Although the 2007 figures had not yet shown the impact of the slowing economic activity in 2007 and 2008, the impact of the recession from 2007 to 2009 is shown in the 8.9 percent unemployment rate in 2011.

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Solution Preview

Nominal GDP expresses the value in terms of the current value, whereas the real GDP expresses the value in terms of the based year. The increase in nominal GDP from one year to another year, can be due the increment in production, or due to the increase in price or both combination of price and production.

For example compare year 2010 and 2011 for case ...

Solution Summary

This solution looks at the reasons behind the increment in GDP including increase in production, increase in price and so on. It describes each reason with step-by-step explanations and examples.