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# use of real GDP rather than nominal GDP

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1. Terms of trade refers to?
a. What goods are imported
b. What goods are exported
d. The prices at which trade occurs.

2. The use of real GDP rather than nominal GDP allows us to?
a. Measure the value of output in a given year at constant prices that have been adjusted for changes in inflation.
b. Compare changes in real output rather than changes in prices.
c. Derive growth in per capita real GDP by subtracting the population growth rate from the growth in real GDP.
d. To see the actual money price paid for a good.

1. Using the graph shown above, what are the feasible production points in the economy?

3. According to classical trade theory, the labor theory of value means?
a. That the only factor used to produce goods is labor.
b. The price of a good reflects the labor and capital used in its production.
c. The price of a good reflects the labor used in its production.
d. In autarky, the value of a good is independent of its price.

4. If we assume constant returns to scale in production, what is the relationship between additional inputs and output?
a. As inputs increase, the increase in output is by a greater proportion.
b. As inputs increase, the increase in output is by a smaller proportion.
c. As inputs increase, the increase in output is by an equal proportion.
d. As inputs increase, there is no change in output.

5. When it takes less labor input to produce a good in Country A than in Country B, we know that country A has:
c. Constant returns to scale.

6. The slope of a country's PPF reflects?
a. The opportunity cost of producing one good in terms of the other.
b. The opportunity cost of consuming one good in terms of the other.
c. The amount of labor used to produce one good in terms of the other.
d. The market price of one of the goods.

7. Suppose two countries have labor inputs as represented in the table below. Define which country has an absolute advantage and comparative advantage in the two goods
County
A B
S 9 4
T 12 3
a. Country A has an absolute advantage in the production of both goods and a comparative advantage in the production of good T.
b. Country B has an absolute advantage in the production of good S and a comparative advantage in the production of good T, while Country A has an absolute advantage in the production of good T.
c. Country B has an absolute advantage in the production of good S and a comparative advantage in the production of good S, while Country A has an absolute advantage in the production of good T.
d. Country B has an absolute advantage in the production of both goods and a comparative advantage in the production of good T.

8. Based on the table, what are the boundaries for the equilibrium terms of trade.
a. Between 1/2 and 1.
b. Between 3/4 and 4/3.
c. Between 3/4 and 2.
d. Between 2/3 and 4/3.

9. Based on the graph above for Country A and Country B, once trade begins, Country A specializes in the production of?
a. Good S.
b. Good T.
c. Both goods.

10. Based on the graph above for Country A and Country B, once trade begins, Country A's trade triangle is?
a. JIH
b. KOJ
c. DOJ

11. Based on the graph above for Country A and Country B, once trade begins, Country A's consumes this amount of its own output?
a. JH
b. OD
c. HI
d. OH

12. Based on the graph above for Country A and Country B, once trade begins, Country B's exports equal?
a. OM
b. MP
c. OP
d. OQ

2. Answer the following questions regarding the European single currency
a. When does the euro start and what is the primary goal of the currency union?
b. List two economic criteria that a country must satisfy to become a member of the euro and briefly describe the economic implications of each criteria.
c. Assume that a country that is a member of the European currency union falls into an economic recession. What obstacles do the currency requirements place regarding domestic economic policy to counter the recession?

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