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Annotated answers to common Macroeconomics test questions

Question #1
What is the short term economic outcome if price levels in the US increase and consumers buy less output as a result?
1. Aggregate demand shifts to the right.
2. Aggregate demand shifts to the left.
3. Aggregate demand does not shift, movement along this curve.

2. Question #2
Suppose that the real wealth of households increases significantly. As a result, the short term impact is that
1. Aggregate demand shifts to the right.
2. Aggregate demand shifts to the left
3. Aggregate demand does not shift, instead there is a movement along this curve.

3. Question #3
When expectations for corporate profits are diminished, economists expect that in the short term
1. Aggregate demand shifts to the right.
2. Aggregate demand shifts to the left.
3. Aggregate demand does not shift, instead there is a movement along this curve.

4. Question #4
If a series of tornados damages factories and infrastructure in the industrial regions of the US, a short term consequence is that
1. Aggregate supply shifts to the right.
2. Aggregate supply shifts to the left.
3. Aggregate supply does not shift, instead there is a movement along this curve.

5. Question #5
If companies invest in more efficient machinery and equipment, then
1. Aggregate supply shifts to the right for the short term.
2. Aggregate supply shifts to the left for the short term.
3. Aggregate supply does not shift, instead there is movement along this curve in the short term.

6. Question #6
If the Environmental Protection Agency significantly relaxes (reduces) environmental regulations, then one short term outcome is that
1. Aggregate supply shifts to the right.
2. Aggregate supply shifts to the left
3. Aggregate supply does not shift, instead there is a movement along this curve.

7. Question #7
In an effort to reduce budget deficits, the federal government decides to reduce its spending. The reduction is likely to impact both real GDP and the aggregate price level in the THE SHORT TERM. In fact:
1. Real GDP increases and the price level decreases.
2. Real GDP decreases and the price level decreases.
3. Real GDP increases and the price level increases
4. Real GDP decreases and the price level increases.

8. Question #8
Suppose that potential shareholders anticipate an increase in profitability so that there is a sharp increase in stock prices. In the short term,
1. Real GDP increases and the price level decreases.
2. Real GDP decreases and the price level decreases.
3. Real GDP increases and the price level increases.
4. Real GDP decreases and the price level increases.

9. Question #9
A widespread technological advance occurs so that the industrial sector of the economy becomes more efficient. In the short run:
1. Real GDP increases and the price level decreases.
2. Real GDP decreases and the price level decreases.
3. Real GDP increases and the price level increases.
4. Real GDP decreases and the price level increases.

10. Question #10
Remarkably, the price of an important raw material decreases. The price change leads to a short term
1. Increases in real GDP and the price level decreases.
2. Decreases in real GDP and the price level decreases.
3. Increases in real GDP and the price level increases.
4. Decreases in real GDP and the price level increases.

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Solution Preview

Q1: 3
A change in price causes movement along a demand curve.

Q2: 1
Any other change shifts the entire demand curve. In this case consumer spending will increase, ...

Solution Summary

Answers and explanations to a 10-question Macroeconomics test. Topics covered include shifts in the aggregate supply and aggregate demand curves, and changes in GDP and price levels.

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