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    Latitude

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    Los Angeles and Littlerock, AK are approximately at the same latitude. Given this latitudinal similarity, discuss/explain the distinct temperature differences that occur in these two locations during their respective summer and the winter seasons.

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    https://brainmass.com/earth-sciences/geography/latitude-43918

    Solution Preview

    Please see response attached, as well as supporting document.

    1. Los Angeles and Littlerock, AK are approximately at the same latitude. Given this latitudinal similarity, discuss/explain the distinct temperature differences that occur in these two locations during their respective summer and the winter seasons.

    "Latitude affects temperature. As we get closer to the poles, the temperature decreases and as we get closer to the equator, the temperatures rises."

    Geodetic coordinates are the quantities latitude, longitude, and elevation, which define the position of a point on the surface of the earth (http://oas.ucok.edu/OJAS/02/papers/wight02.htm). However, "... longitude does not affect temperature or minutes of light per day. Humidity is reported as affecting temperature and comfort levels (http://publib.boulder.ibm.com/iseries/v5r2/ic2924/index.htm?info/phyplan/environ/temp.htm).

    Although the two cities are at the same latitude, other differences that impact temperature exist. For example, elevation and geographic location (i.e., coastal region versus foothills of the mountains) affect the temperature. Elevation is measured in meters above sea level. Since the elevation will have an effect on the moisture in the soil, this gives reason to believe it will also have an effect on the air and soil temperature.
    Let's look at the geography of the two cities, and how it impacts temperature:

    Geography
    1. Little Rock
    Little Rock AK is located at 34°44'10" North, 92°19'52" West (34.736009, -92.331122)1.
    According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 302.5 km² (116.8 mi²). 301.0 km² (116.2 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.52% water. Little Rock is located on the south bank of the Arkansas River in Central Arkansas. Fourche Creek and Rock Creek run through the city and flow into the river. The western part of the city is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains.
    And just northwest of the city limits is Pinnacle Mountain and Lake Maumelle, which provides Little Rock's drinking water. (http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Little-Rock,-Arkansas). The Ouachita Mountains are a mountain range located in Arkansas and Oklahoma. ...

    Solution Summary

    Los Angeles and Littlerock, AK are approximately at the same latitude. Given this latitudinal similarity, this solution discusses the distinct temperature differences that occur in these two locations during their respective summer and the winter seasons. Supplemented with an article describing the Mediterranean climate in some detail.

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