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# Working Capital / Current Ratio

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3.10) Evans, Inc had current liabilities at november 30 of \$137,400. The firms current ratio at that date was 1.8.

A) calculate the firms current assets and working capital at November 30.

B) assume that managment paid \$30,600 of accounts payable on November 29. Calculate the current ratio and working capital at November 30 as if the November 29 payment had not been made. Round your current ratio answer to two decimal places.

C) Explain the changes,if any, to working capital and the current ratio that would be caused by the November 29 payment.

3.14) Calculate and analyze liquidity measures.

following are the current asset and current liability sections of the balance sheets for Calketch, Inc, at August 31, 2009 and 2008 ( in millions)

Current assets: August 31, 2008 August 31,2009
cash \$ 12 \$24
marketable securities 28 40
accounts receivable 52 32
inventories 72 32
--------- --------
Total current assets \$ 164 \$ 128

Current liabilities: August 31, 2008 August 31, 2009
Note payable \$ 12 \$ 32
Accounts payable 40 56
other accured liabilities 36 28
------ -------
Total current liabilities \$ 88 \$ 116

A) calculate the working capital and current ratio at each balance sheet date. Round your current ratio answer to two decimal places.

B) describe the change in the firm's liquidity from 2008 to 2009.

#### Solution Summary

The solution explains how to calculate the working capital and the current ratio and evaluate the impact on working capital and current ratio of the given transactions.

\$2.19

## Financial Planning and Working Capitol Management

1) Table 18.11 gives abbreviated balance sheets and income statements for Este Lauder Companies. Calculate the following ratios:

a. Return on assets.
b. Operating profit margin.
c. Sales- to- assets ratio.
d. Inventory turnover.
e. Debt-equity ratio.
f. Current ratio.
g. Quick ratio

2) Look again at Table 18.11. At the end of fiscal 2008 Este Lauder had 195 million shares outstanding 19 with a share price of \$ 45.50. The company's weighted- average cost of capital was about 10%. Calculate

b. Market- to- book ratio.
d. Return on capital.

3) Consider this simplified balance sheet for Geomorph Trading:
Current assets \$ 100 \$ 60 Current liabilities
Long- term assets 500 280 Long- term debt
70 Other Liabilities
190 Equity
Totals \$ 600 \$ 600

a. Calculate the ratio of debt to equity.
b. What are Geomorph's net working capital and total long- term capital? Calculate the ratio of debt to total long- term capital.

4) How would the following actions affect a firm's current ratio?
a. Inventory is sold.
b. The firm takes out a bank loan to pay its suppliers.
c. The firm arranges a line of credit with a bank that allows it to borrow at any time to pay its suppliers.
d. A customer pays its overdue bills.
e. The firm uses cash to purchase additional inventories.

5) Dynamic Futon forecasts the following purchases from suppliers:
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun.
Value of goods (\$ millions) 32 28 25 22 20 20
a. Forty percent of goods are supplied cash- on- delivery. The remainder are paid with an average delay of one month. If Dynamic Futon starts the year with payables of \$ 22 million, what is the forecasted level of payables for each month? b. Suppose that from the start of the year the company stretches payables by paying 40% after one month and 20% after two months. ( The remainder continue to be paid cash on delivery.) Recalculate payables for each month assuming that there are no cash penalties for late payment.

6) Abbreviated financial statements for Archimedes Levers are shown in Table 19.12 . If sales increase by 10% in 2011 and all other items, including debt, increase correspondingly, what must be the balancing item? What will be its value?

7) Table 19.15 on page 512 shows Dynamic Mattress's year- end 2007 balance sheet, and Table 19.16 on page 512 shows its income statement for 2008. Work out the statement of cash flows for 2008. Group these items into sources of cash and uses of cash.

8) The financial statements of Eagle Sport Supply are shown in Table 19.17 . For simplicity, Costs include interest. Assume that Eagle's assets are proportional to its sales. a. Find Eagle's required external funds if it maintains a dividend payout ratio of 60% and plans a growth rate of 15% in 2012. b. If Eagle chooses not to issue new shares of stock, what variable must be the balancing item? What will its value be? c. Now suppose that the firm plans instead to increase long- term debt only to \$ 1,100 and does not wish to issue any new shares of stock. Why must the dividend payment now be the balancing item? What will its value be?

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