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Benefits from Capital Restructuring

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Do stakeholders and shareholders benefit from capital restructuring? Why or Why not?

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1. Do stakeholders and shareholders benefit from capital restructuring? Why or Why not?

Capital restructuring is when a company alters the capital structure of a firm. It is often in reaction to the changed business conditions, or as a means to fund the firm's growth plans (http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/capital-restructuring.html).

Because the capital structure is the framework of different types of financing employed by a firm to acquire resources necessary for its operations and growth, growth usually means increased profits. Capital structure of the firm commonly comprises of stockholders' investments (equity capital) and long-term loans (loan capital), but, unlike financial structure, does not include short-term loans (such as overdraft) and liabilities (such as trade credit) (http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/capital-structure.html). ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains whether or not stakeholders and shareholders benefit from capital restructuring, including why or why not.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Restructuring Debt using the settlement of debt method

Individual Assignment: Restructuring Debt

Your company is in financial trouble and is in the process of reorganization. Your manager wants to know how you will report on restructuring the debt. Use the following information to help with this assignment.

Part A

Cash and cash equivalents $ 108,340
Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances 2,866,260
Other receivables 62,150
Operating supplies, at lower of average
cost or market 58,630
Prepaid expenses 446,050

Total Current Assets 3,541,430

Land 1,950,000
Buildings and improvements 2,327,410
Equipment 5,015,660
Other equipment and leasehold improvements 1,645,580
total 10,938,650
Accumulated depreciation and amortization (7,644,430)
Net Property, Plant, and Equipment 3,294,220
Deposits and other assets 1,000,080

TOTAL ASSETS $ 7,835,730


Accounts payable $ 972,160
Accrued liabilities 2,071,270
Accrued claims costs 793,620
Federal and other income taxes 19,710
Deferred income taxes 500
Current maturities of long-term debt and
capital lease obligations 50,610
Short-term borrowings 249,250
Total Current Liabilities 4,157,120

Capital lease obligation 54,580
Note Outstanding 3,000,000
Mortgage Outstanding 608,030
Other liabilities 95,860
Total Long-term Liabilities 3,758,470

Total Liabilities 7,915,590

Common stock, $.01 par value; authorized
500,000 shares; issued 231,000 shares 2,310
Additional paid-in capital 731,090
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (113,500)
Retained earnings (deficit) (639,180)
Treasury stock (60,580)
Total Shareholders' Equity (Deficit) (79,860)


Part B

As stipulated, your company is having financial difficulty and has asked the bank to restructure its $3 million note outstanding. The present note has three years remaining and pays a current interest rate of 10%. The present market rate for a loan of this nature is 12%. The note was issued at its face value. The bank agrees to accept land in exchange for relinquishing its claim on this note. The land has a book value of $1,950,000 and a fair value of $2,400,000.

The company provides the following information related to its post-employment benefits for the year 2007:

• Accumulated postretirement benefit obligation at January 1, 2007 $810,000
• Actual and expected return on plan assets $34,000
• Unrecognized prior service cost amortization $21,000
• Discount rate 10%
• Service cost $88,000

Part A
Provide your manager a comparison of the current reporting for debt, explaining the requirements for each type (bond, mortgage, capital lease, and others). Then, prepare the journal entries for the restructuring.

Part B
To satisfy various benefit issues that have arisen as a result of the restructuring, new post-employment benefits have been created. The company currently has a defined benefits plan and is considering switching to a defined contribution plan to save costs. Compute the costs associated with keeping the current plan versus the costs of a defined contribution plan where the employer pays 3% of payroll. The agreement is that the employees get to keep what is already in the defined benefit plan. This prevents the situation of having to compute how much the company would recapture in surplus assets resulting from terminating the old plan. Then, compute a new post-employment benefit expense for 2007 and report this to your manager. Illustrate with schedules and notes.

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