# Ewing Distribution Company - WACC

The Ewing Distribution Company is planning a $100 million expansion of its chain of discount service stations to several neighboring states. This expansion will be financed, in part, with debt issued with a coupon interest rate of 6.8 percent. The bonds have a 10-year maturity and a $1,000 face value, and they will be sold to net Ewing $999 per bond. Ewing's marginal tax rate is 40 percent.

Preferred Stock will cost Ewing 7.5 percent after taxes. Ewing's common stock pays a dividend of $2 per share. The current market price per share is $35. Ewing's dividends are expected to increase at an annual rate of 5 percent for the foreseeable future. Ewing expects to generate sufficient retained earnings to meet the common equity portion of the funding needed for the expansion.

Ewing's target capital structure is as follows:

Debt = 20%

Preferred stock = 5%

Common equity = 75%

Calculate the weighted cost of capital that is appropriate to use in evaluating this expansion program.

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#### Solution Preview

The Ewing Distribution Company is planning a $100 million expansion of its chain of discount service stations to several neighboring states. This expansion will be financed, in part, with debt issued with a coupon interest rate of 6.8 percent. The bonds have a 10-year maturity and a $1,000 face value, and they will be sold to net Ewing $999 per bond. Ewing's marginal tax rate is 40 percent.

Preferred Stock will cost Ewing 7.5 percent after taxes. Ewing's common stock pays a dividend of $2 per share. The current market price per share is $35. Ewing's dividends are expected to increase ...

#### Solution Summary

The solution calculate the weighted cost of capital that is appropriate to use in evaluating the expansion program by using target capital structure weights and by first calculating after tax cost of debt, cost of preferred stock and cost of common equity.

Cost of Capital. WACC for Pullman, Bozeman-Western, Fargo, Ewing, Comfort, Rolodex

Please see the attached file for full problem description.

? Complete problems 1, 3, 4, 7, 10, & 12 on text pp. 383-386 of Ch. 12.

1. Calculate the after-tax cost of a $25 million debt issue that Pullman

Manufacturing Corporation (40 percent marginal tax rate) is planning to

place privately with a large insurance company. This long-term issue will yield

6.6 percent to the insurance company.

3. Calculate the after-tax cost of preferred stock for Bozeman-Western Airlines,

Inc., which is planning to sell $10 million of $4.50 cumulative preferred stock

to the public at a price of $48 a share. The company has a marginal tax rate of

40 percent.

4. The following financial information is available on Fargo Fabrics, Inc.:

Current per-share market price 5 $20.25

Current per-share dividend 5 $1.12

Current per-share earnings 5 $2.48

Beta 5 0.90

Expected market risk premium 5 6.4%

Risk-free rate (20-year Treasury bonds) 5 5.2%

Past 10 years earnings per share:

20X1 $1.39 20X6 $1.95

20X2 1.48 20X7 2.12

20X3 1.60 20X8 2.26

20X4 1.68 20X9 2.40

20X5 1.79 20Y0 2.48

This past-earnings growth trend is expected to continue for the foreseeable

future. The dividend payout ratio has remained approximately constant over

the past 10 years and is expected to remain at current levels for the foreseeable

future.

Calculate the cost of equity capital using the following methods:

a. The constant growth rate dividend capitalization model approach

b. The Capital Asset Pricing Model approach

7. The Ewing Distribution Company is planning a $100 million expansion of its

chain of discount service stations to several neighboring states. This expansion

will be financed, in part, with debt issued with a coupon interest rate of 6.8

percent. The bonds have a 10-year maturity and a $1,000 face value, and they

will be sold to net Ewing $990 per bond. Ewing's marginal tax rate is 40 percent.

Preferred stock will cost Ewing 7.5 percent after taxes. Ewing's common

stock pays a dividend of $2 per share. The current market price per share is $35.

Ewing's dividends are expected to increase at an annual rate of 5 percent for the

foreseeable future. Ewing expects to generate sufficient retained earnings to

meet the common equity portion of the funding needed for the expansion.

Ewing's target capital structure is as follows:

Debt 5 20%

Preferred stock 5 5%

Common equity 5 75%

Calculate the weighted cost of capital that is appropriate to use in evaluating

this expansion program.

10. The Comfort Corporation manufactures sofas and tables for the recreational

vehicle market. The firm's capital structure consists of 60 percent common

equity, 10 percent preferred stock, and 30 percent long-term debt. This capital

structure is believed to be optimal. Comfort will require $120 million to

finance expansion plans for the coming year. The firm expects to generate

enough internal equity to meet the equity portion of its expansion needs. The

cost of retained earnings is 18 percent. The firm can raise preferred stock at a

cost of 15 percent. First-mortgage bonds can be sold at a pretax cost of 14

percent. The firm's marginal tax rate is 40 percent.

Calculate the cost of capital for the funds needed to meet the expansion

goal.

12. Rolodex, Inc. would like to estimate its average cost of capital for the coming

year. The capital budgeting plans call for funds totaling $200 million for the

coming year. These funds will be raised from long-term debt, preferred stock,

and common equity in the same proportions as their book values in the firm's

balance sheet shown below:

Discussions between the firm's financial officers and the firm's investment

and commercial bankers have yielded the following information:

? Rolodex's maximum borrowing is $80 million from its bank at a pretax

cost of 13 percent.

? Preferred stock can be issued at a pretax cost of 16.5 percent.

? Rolodex expects to generate $140 million in net income. Any earnings

remaining after meeting the equity portion of the $200 million capital

expenditure budget will be paid out as dividends.

? The risk-free rate of return is 5.5 percent. The market risk premium is assumed

to equal 10 percent and Rolodex's beta is estimated to be 1.2.

? Rolodex's marginal tax rate is 40 percent.

Compute Rolodex's weighted average cost of capital for the coming year.