In a Word document, please explain the following questions below. Very importantly - show all your work showing all of your steps and demonstrate a good understanding of the time value of money so I'll know what you're talking about.
1. In two to three paragraphs, explain why the concept of present value is so important for corporate finance and is often the very first topic taught in any finance class.
2. Calculate the future value of the following:
a. $600 if invested for five years at a 3% interest rate
b. $400 if invested for three years at a 5% interest rate
c. $1100 if invested for seven years at an 11% interest rate
d. $900 if invested for ten years with a 0% interest rate
3. Calculate the present value of the following:
a. $2200 to be received three years from now with a 5% discount rate
b. $950 to be received five years from now with a 11% interest rate
c. $2150 to received two years from now with a 24% interest rate
d. $145,000 to be received eight years from now with a 7% interest rate.
4. Suppose you are to receive a stream of annual payments (also called an "annuity") of $9000 every year for three years starting this year. The discount rate is 6%. What is the present value of these three payments?
5. Suppose you are to receive a payment of $5000 every year for three years. You are depositing these payments in a bank account that pays 2% interest. Given these three payments and this interest rate, how much will be in your bank account in three years?
The solution explains calculations relating to various time value of money problems
Calculations of the Time Value of Money
1) You invest $20,000 today, at a rate of 10% compound quarterly. What will the investment be worth at the end of year twenty?
2) You are offered an annuity that will pay you $9,000 at the end of each of the next 10 years. What is the maximum amount you would be willing to pay today for this annuity? (Assume you require a 15% rate of return on an investment of this nature.)
3) You have $15,000 to put down on a new house that cost $200,000, and you have been quoted the following finance terms by your local banker: 6% Annual Percentage Rate, for 30 years. If you decide to purchase this home, what will your monthly payment be? Additionally, over the life of the loan what would your total interest expense be?
4) You want to start saving for your child's education. You project that your child will need $170,000 to attend school 15 years from now. If you can earn a rate of return of 10% compounded semi-annually on a given investment, what dollar amount will you need to invest today to ensure your child can attend college?
5) Steaks Galore has $190,000 in excess cash that it wishes to invest. Bank One offers a certificate of deposit that is paying 10%, compounded monthly. Bank Two offers a certificate of deposit paying 9.5%, compounded daily. In which Bank should the firm opt to invest its' surplus cash? (You must use the EAR formula to solve this problem. In addition, you must show all of your work.) Additionally, what is the nominal and period rate of interest offered by Bank One?
6) You plan on depositing $3,000 in an account at the end of each of the next 5 years. If the account is paying interest at an annual rate of 10% per year, what will the total value of your investment be at the end of the 10th year?
7) Your Life Insurance Agent is trying to sell you an investment that will pay you $5,000 a year forever. If your required rate of return is 11% on an investment of this nature, what would you be willing to pay your agent today for this investment opportunity?
8) It is forecasted that you will receive the following cash inflows at the end of the next four years: Year 1 $1,000, Year 2 $2,000, Year 3 $4,000 and Year 4 $1,000. If upon receipt of these cash inflows, you can re-invest the amounts received at a rate of 10%, what will the total future value of this investment be?
9) While Bob Jones was a student at Tiffin University, he borrowed $43,063 in student loans at an annual rate of 7 percent. If Bob repays $500 per month, how long, to the nearest year, will it take him to repay the loan?
10) Company XYZ plans to invest $5 million to clear a tract of land and to set out some young trees. These trees will mature in 12 years, at which time XYZ plans to sell all the trees at an expected price of $10 million. What is XYZ's expected rate of return? In addition, given this rate of return, would you recommend that XYZ proceed with the plan? Why or why not.