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    Accounting questions: Journal, Adjusting entries etc.

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    Section - I ? Multiple Choice (20 points)

    Circle the one best answer.

    1. The primary accounting standard-setting body in the United States is the:
    a. Securities and Exchange Commission.
    b. Internal Revenue Service.
    c. Financial Accounting Standards Board.
    d. Corporate Board of Directors.

    2. An increase in a revenue:
    a. decreases net income.
    b. decreases assets.
    c. increases liabilities.
    d. increases stockholders' equity.

    3. A corporation with total stockholders' equity of $75,000 paid a $12,000 business debt. As a result of this transaction, total stockholders' equity:
    a. did not change.
    b. increased by $12,000.
    c. decreased by $12,000.
    d. increased to $75,000.

    4. The left side of an account is always:
    a. the debit side.
    b. the credit side.
    c. the balance of that account.
    d. carried forward to the next accounting period.

    5. Posting is the process of:
    a. preparing a chart of accounts.
    b. adding a column of figures.
    c. transferring journal entries to ledger accounts.
    d. recording entries in a journal.

    6. The purpose of recording depreciation on productive assets is to:
    a. reflect the decline in the market value of the assets each period.
    b. reduce income when the company has an exceptionally profitable year.
    c. be in conformity with the revenue recognition principle.
    d. allocate the original cost of a productive asset to expense over its useful life.

    7. Tawdry Company debited Prepaid Insurance for $600 on May 1, 2010, for a one-year fire insurance policy. If the company prepares monthly financial statements, failure to make an adjusting entry on May 31, for the amount of insurance that has expired would cause:
    a. assets to be overstated by $600 and expenses to be understated by $600.
    b. expenses to be overstated by $50 and assets to be understated by $50.
    c. assets to be overstated by $50 and expenses to be understated by $50.
    d. expenses to be overstated by $600 and assets to be understated by $600.

    8. Which one of the following accounts is not closed at the end of an accounting period?
    a. Retained Earnings account
    b. Dividends account
    c. Service Revenue account
    d. Insurance Expense account
    9. The revenue recognition principle dictates that revenue should be recognized in the accounting period in which it is
    a. collected.
    b. earned.
    c. earned and collected.
    d. most likely to be collected.

    10. Gross profit is calculated by
    a. subtracting total expenses from total revenues.
    b. subtracting cost of goods sold from net sales.
    c. subtracting the ending inventory from cost of goods sold.
    d. adding cost of goods sold to net sales.

    Section - II ? Matching (12 points)

    Match the items below by entering the appropriate letter in the space.

    1. Partnership

    2. Liquidity

    3. Liabilities

    4. Revenue recognition principle

    5. Ledger

    6. Matching principle

    7. Unearned revenues

    8. Materiality

    9. Income summary

    10. Intangible assets

    11. Going concern assumption

    12. Sales discounts

    Section 3 - III ? Adjusting Entries (15 points)

    The following information for Valance Company is available on June 30, 2010, the end of a monthly accounting period. You are to prepare the necessary adjusting journal entries for the ance Company for the month of June for each situation given. Appropriate adjusting entries had been recorded in previous months. You may omit journal entry explanations.

    1. Valance Company purchased a 2-year insurance policy on April 1, 2010, and debited Prepaid Insurance for $3,600.

    2. On April 1, 2010, a tenant in an apartment building owned by the Valance Company paid $4,500, which represents three months' rent in advance. The amount received was credited to the Unearned Rent account.

    3. On June 1, 2010, the balance in the Office Supplies account was $130. During June, office supplies costing $750 were purchased. A physical count of office supplies at June 30 revealed that there was $150 still on hand.

    4. On March 31, 2010, the Valance Company purchased a delivery van for $30,000. It is estimated that the annual depreciation will be $7,500.

    5. Valance Company has two office employees who earn $100 and $125 per day, respectively. They are paid each Friday for a five-day work week that begins each Monday. June 30 is a Wednesday in 2010.

    Section - IV ? Journal Entries (12 points)

    The Octet Company uses the allowance method to account for uncollectible accounts. Prepare the appropriate journal entries to record the following transactions during 2010. You may omit journal entry explanations.

    May 20 The account of Jose Lhastro for $950 was deemed to be uncollectible and is written off as a bad debt.

    Aug. 14 Received a check for $700 from Jose Lhastro whose account had previously been written off as uncollectible.

    Dec. 31 Use the following information for year-end adjusting entry:

    The balances of Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts at year end are $175,000 and $900, respectively. Both have debit balances. It is estimated that bad debts will be 3% of accounts receivable.

    Section - V ? Journal Entries (12 points)

    Prepare the necessary general journal entries for the month of September for the Quilter Company for each situation given below. Quilter uses a perpetual inventory system.

    Oct. 5 Paid cash of $14,000 for operating expenses that were incurred and properly recorded in the previous period.

    8 Purchased merchandise for $16,000 on account September 1. Credit terms: 2/10, n/30.

    10 Paid freight bill of $335 for merchandise purchased on September 8.

    15 Paid for merchandise purchased on September 9. The company takes all discounts to which it is entitled.

    20 Sold merchandise for $13,000 to Myra Dame on account on September 12. The cost of the merchandise sold was $7,800. Credit terms: 2/10, n/30.

    25 Issued a credit memo to Myra Dame for $800 for merchandise returned by him from the sale on September 20. The cost of the merchandise returned was $480.

    Section 6 - VI ? Multiple-Step Income Statement (15 points)

    Below is a partial listing of the adjusted account balances of the Hydell Department Store at year-end on December 31, 2010.

    Accounts Receivable $ 18,000
    Cost of Goods Sold 255,000
    Selling Expenses (includes depreciation) 35,000
    Interest Expense 2,000
    Accumulated Depreciation?Building 10,000
    Sales Discounts 32,000
    Merchandise Inventory 44,000
    Administrative Expenses (includes depreciation) 17,000
    Sales 360,000
    Accounts Payable 15,000
    Interest Revenue 700

    Using whatever data you believe appropriate, prepare a multiple-step income statement for the Hydell Department Store for the year ended December 31, 2010.

    Section - VII ? Notes Receivable (14 points)

    Prepare journal entries to record the following events:

    July 1 Whisard Company accepted a 6%, 3-month, $7,000 note dated June 1 from Noble Company for balance due.

    July 31 Whisard accrued interest on the above note for the month of June.

    Oct. 1 Collected Noble Company note in full. Assume interest was correctly accrued on June 30, July 31 and August 31.

    Oct. 1 Assume instead, that the note is dishonored and that no interest has been accrued. Noble Company is expected to eventually pay the amount owed.

    Extra Credit: Worth 1 point each.

    1. All of the following are sections of a cash budget except
    a. cash disbursements.
    b. cash receipts.
    c. financing.
    d. operating.

    2. The principles of internal control do not include:
    a. establishment of responsibility.
    b. documentation procedures.
    c. management responsibility.
    d. independent internal verification.

    3. An error in the physical count of goods on hand at the end of the current period resulted in a $2,500 overstatement of the ending inventory. The effect of this error in the current period is to
    a. overstate cost of goods sold.
    b. understate cost of goods available for sale.
    c. understate gross profit.
    d. overstate net income.

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    Solution Summary

    The problem deals multiple accounting topics: adjusting entries, posting, multiple step income statement, etc.

    The problem also includes multiple choice questions.