Design Products is committed to its quality program. It works with all areas of the company to establish sound quality programs within reasonable budget guidelines. For 2011, it has budgeted $1,000,000 for prevention costs and $800,000 for appraisal costs. Internal failure has a budget of $100 per failed item, while external failure has a total budget of $600,000.
Product Testing has proposed to management a change in the 2011 budget for a new method of testing products. If management decides to implement the new method, $2 per unit of appraisal costs will be saved, up to a level of 200,000 tests. No additional savings are expected past the 200,000 level. The new method involves $110,000 in training costs and $60,000 in yearly testing supplies.
Traditionally, 3% of all completed items have to be reworked. External failure costs average $120 per failed unit. The company's average external failures are 1% of units sold. The company carries no ending inventories.
Question a- What is the adjusted budget for appraisal costs, assuming the new method is implemented and 800,000 units are tested during the manufacturing process in 2011?
Question b- How much do internal failure costs change, assuming 600,000 units are tested under the new method and it reduces the amount of unacceptable units in the manufacturing process by 40%?
Question c- What would be the change in the external failure budget, assuming external failures are reduced by 60% and the same facts as in part (b)?
a. Current Budget for appraisal costs =$ 800,000
Add: Training costs $110,000
Add: Supplies 60,000
Total addition = 170,000
Savings = 200,000 x $2 = (400,000) (savings are ...
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