CALCULATING AND INTERPRETING ACTIVITY-BASED COSTING DATA
Hiram's Lakeside is a popular restaurant located on Lake Washington in Seattle, The owner of r restaurant has been trying to better understand costs at the restaurant and has hired a student inter to conduct an activity-based costing study. The intern, in consultation with the owner, identify three major activities and then completed the first-stage allocations of costs to the activity cc! pools. The results appear below.
Activity Cost Pool Activity Measure Total Cost Total Activity
Serving a party of diners Number of parties served $33,000 6,000 parties
Serving a diner Number of diners served $138,000 15,000 diners
Serving drinks Number of drinks ordered $24,000 10,000 drinks
The above costs include all of the costs of the restaurant except for organization-sustaining cc>:-such as rent, property taxes, and top-management salaries.
A group of diners who ask to sit at the same table are counted as a party. Some costs, such as the costs of cleaning linen, are the same whether one person is at a table or the table is full. Other costs, such as washing dishes, depend on the number of diners served.
Prior to the activity-based costing study, the owner knew very little about the costs of the restae-rant. She knew that the total cost for the month (including organization-sustaining costs) was $240,000 and that 15,000 diners had been served. Therefore, the average cost per diner was $16.
1 According to the activity-based costing system, what is the total cost of serving each of the following parties of diners?
(You can use the simplified approach described at the end of the chapter.
a. A party of four diners who order three drinks in total.
b. A party of two diners who do not order any drinks.
c. Atone diner who orders two drinks.
2 Convert the total costs you computed m (I) above to costs per diner. In other words, what
the average cost per diner for serving each of the following parties of diners'?
a. A party of four diners who order three drinks in total. 6. A party of two diners who do not order any drinks, c. A lone diner who orders two drinks.
3. Why do the costs per diner for the three different parties differ from each other and from *s overall average cost of S16 per diner?
The expert calculates and interprets activity-based costing data.