What is good research? Relate it to the scientific method. Is it inductive or deductive? How does measurement relate to good research?
1. What is good research? Relate it to the scientific method. Is it inductive or deductive? How does measurement relate to good research?
Good research involves following the steps of the scientific method. The scientific method is a way to ask and answer scientific questions by making observations and doing experiments. The steps of the scientific method are to:
? Ask a Question -
o The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? And, in order for the scientific method to answer the question it must be about something that you can measure, preferably with a number. (see http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_question.shtml)
? Do Background Research -
o Rather than starting from scratch in putting together a plan for answering your question, you want to be a savvy scientist using library and Internet research to help you find the best way to do things and insure that you don't repeat mistakes from the past. (see http://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project_background_research_plan.shtml)
? Construct a Hypothesis -
o A hypothesis is an educated guess about how things work:
"If _____[I do this] _____, then _____[this]_____ will happen." You must state your hypothesis in a way that you can easily measure, and of course, your hypothesis should be constructed in a way to help you answer your original question.
? Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment -
o Your experiment tests whether your hypothesis is true or false. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test. You conduct a fair test by making sure that ...
This solution explains the main features of good research and relates it to the scientific method. It also explains good research in terms of being inductive or deductive, as well as how measurement relates to good research.