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#1 The Acme Manufacturing has a project involving the purchase of equipment for $35,000 that will increase sales of Acme Manufacturing by $ 14,500 per year. The annual running costs of this equipment for the first 3 years are $ 1,000, $ 2,000, and $ 4,000 respectively. It will increase by $ 3,500 every year from then on. The equipment is sold for $ 5,000 at the end of year 5. The MARR for the owner of this equipment is 10%, their tax rate is 20% and they use DDB depreciation assuming 5-year life and $5,000 salvage value.
A - Determine the after tax cash flow of this project.
B - What is the after tax NPV of this project?
Acme Manufacturing has other projects going that are very profitable and will use the tax credit (if any) from this project.
#2 The local independent newspaper had purchased a printing press for $150,000 and has been depreciating it using straight-line depreciation assuming a life of 5 years and resale value of $30,000. The operation of this equipment produces an annual operating profit of $35000. At this moment, that is, at the end of the third year after purchase it is considering two options. Option A is to sell the equipment at $30,000 and put the net proceeds in a bank at 10% for the next two years. Option B is to keep operating the equipment for the next two years and then sell it at $10,000. The newspaper has an MARR of 10% and is giving you $1,000 to advise them as to which alternative to choose. The newspaper's total state and local tax is 45%. Give the detail of your calculations. The newspaper is profitable and can use the tax effects. In solving this problem you have to consider opportunity cost.
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The solution uses NPV (Net Present Value) to evaluate projects. The Acme Manufacturing of a project is examined. The annual running costs of an equipment are analyzed for a project.
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