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    Variance

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    1. The variance that is most useful in assessing the performance of the purchasing department manager is:
    A) the materials quantity variance.
    B) the materials price variance.
    C) the labor rate variance.
    D) the labor efficiency variance.

    2. Matt Company uses a standard cost system. Information for raw materials for
    Product RBI for the month of October follows:

    Standard price per pound of raw materials.............. $1.60
    Actual purchase price per point of raw materials.... $1.55
    Actual quantity of raw materials purchased............ 2,000 pounds
    Actual quantity of raw materials used..................... 1,900 pounds
    Standard quantity allowed for actual production..... 1,800 pounds

    What is the materials purchase price variance?
    A) $90 favorable
    B) $90 unfavorable
    C) $100 favorable
    D) $100 unfavorable

    3. Buckler Company manufacturers desks with vinyl tops. The standard material cost for the vinyl used per Model S desk is $27.00 based on 12 square feet of vinyl at a cost of $2.25 per square foot. A production run of 1,000 desks in March resulted in usage of 12,600 square feet of vinyl at a cost of $2.00 per square foot, a total cost of $25,200. The materials quantity variance resulting from the above production run was:
    A) $972 favorable
    B) $1,188 unfavorable
    C) $1,800 favorable
    D) $3,150 favorable

    4. Zanny Electronics Company uses a standard cost system to collect costs related to the production its water ski radios. The direct labor standard for each radio is 0.9 hours. The standard direct labor cost per hour is $7.20.
    During the month of August, Zanny=s water ski radio production used 6,600 direct labor-hours at a total direct labor cost of $48,708. This resulted in production of 6,900 water ski radios for August. What is Zanny=s labor rate variance for the month of August?
    A) $972 favorable
    B) $1,188 unfavorable
    C) $2,160 favorable
    D) $2,808 unfavorable.

    5. The following labor standards have been established for a particular product:

    Standard labor-hours per unit of output....... 5.0 hours
    Standard labor rate....................................... $18.25 per hour

    The following data pertain to operations concerning the product for the last month:

    Actual hours worked............ 9,800 hours
    Actual hours worked............ $176,400
    Actual output........................ 1,900 units

    What is the labor efficiency variance for the month?
    A) $3,025 U
    B) $5,400 U
    C) $3,025 F
    D) $5,475 U

    6. The following standards for variable manufacturing overhead have been established for a company that makes only one product:

    Standard hours per unit of output........ 1.2 hours
    Standard variable overhead rate.......... $10.20 per hour

    The following data pertain to operations for the last month:

    Actual hours........................................ 5,000 hours
    Actual total variable overhead cost..... $52,750
    Actual output....................................... 4,000 units

    What is the variable overhead efficiency variance for the month?
    A) $1,680 F
    B) $2,040 U
    C) $2,110 U
    D) $3,790 U

    7. The following standards for variable manufacturing overhead have been established for a company that makes only one product:

    Standard hours per unit of output.............. 8.0 hours
    Standard variable overhead rate................ $11.55 per hour

    The following data pertain to operations for the last month:

    Actual hours.............................................. 7,000 hours
    Actual total variable overhead cost........... $79,100
    Actual output............................................. 600 units

    What is the variable overhead spending variance for the month?
    A) $23,660 U
    B) $1,750 F
    C) $24,860 U
    D) $1,200 U

    8. The purpose of a flexible budget is to:
    A) allow management some latitude in meeting goals.
    B) eliminate fluctuations in production reports by ignoring variable costs.
    C) compare actual and budgeted results at virtually any level of activity.
    D) reduce the time to prepare the annual budget

    9. The following sots appear in Malgorzata Company=s flexible budget at an activity level of 15,000 mahcine-hours:

    Total Cost
    Indirect materials............... $7,800
    Factory rent........................ $18,000

    What would be the flexible budget amounts at an activity level of 12,000 machine-hours if indirect materials is a variable cost and factory rent is a fixed cost?

    Indirect Materials Factory Rent
    A) $7,800 $14,400
    B) $7,800 $18,000
    C) $6,240 $14,400
    D) $6,240 $18,000

    10. Kerekes Manufacturing Corporation has prepared the following overhead budget for next month.

    Activity level.................................. 2,500 machine-hours

    Variable overhead costs:
    Supplies....................................... $12,250
    Indirect labor............................... 22,000
    Fixed overhead costs:
    Supervision................................. 15,500
    Utilities....................................... 5,500
    Depreciation............................... 6,500
    Total overhead cost....................... $61,750

    The company=s variable overhead costs are driven by machine-hours. What would be the total budgeted overhead cost of next month if the activity level is 2,400 machine-hours rather than 2,500 machine-hours? Assume that the activity levels of 2,500 machine-hours and 2,400 machine-hours are within the same relevant range.
    A) $59,830.00
    B) $59,280.00
    C) $60,380.00
    D) $61,750.00

    11. Viger Corporation has a standard cost system in which it applies manufacturing overhead to products on the basis of standard machine-hours (MHs). The company has provided the following data for the most recent month:

    Budgeted level of activity............................................... 9,700 MHs
    Actual level of activity.................................................... 9,900 MHs
    Cost formula for variable manufacturing overhead cost.. $6.30 per MH
    Budgeted fixed manufacturing overhead cost.................. $49,000
    Actual total variable manufacturing overhead................. $60,390
    Actual total fixed manufacturing overhead...................... $47,000

    What was the variable overhead spending variance for the month?
    A) $2,000 favorable
    B) $720 favorable
    C) $1,260 unfavorable
    D) $1,980 favorable

    12. Teall Corporation has a standard cost system in which it applies manufacturing overhead to products on the basis of standard machine-hours (MHs). The company has provided the following data for the most recent month:

    Budgeted level of activity................................................. 8,500 MHs
    Actual level of activity...................................................... 8,600 MHs
    Cost formula for variable manufacturing overhead cost... $5.70 per MH
    Budgeted fixed manufacturing overhead cost................... $50,000
    Actual total variable manufacturing overhead.................. $51,600
    Actual total fixed manufacturing overhead....................... $54,000

    What was the fixed overhead budget variance for the month?
    A) $4,000 unfavorable
    B) $4,000 favorable
    C) $570 favorable
    D) $570 unfavorable

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com June 3, 2020, 11:09 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/business/management-accounting/variance-266151

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    The solution explains various multiple choice questions relating to variance calculations

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