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Budgets in Managerial Accounting: Santiago's Salsa

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Santiago's Salsa is in the process of preparing a production cost budget for May. Actual cost in April were:

Santiago's Salsa
Production Costs
April 2011
Production Jars of Salsa
Ingredients cost (variable) $20,000
Labor cost (variable) 12,000
Rent (fixed) 5,000
Depreciation (fixed) 6,000
Other (fixed) 1,000
Total $44,000

a. Using this information, prepare a budget for May. Assume that production will increase to 30,000 jars of salsa, reflecting an anticipated sales increase related to a new market campaign.

b. Does the budget suggest that additional workers are needed?
Suppose the wage rate is $20 per hour. How many additional labor hours are needed in May? What would happen if management did not anticipate the need for additional labor in May?

c. Calculate the actual cost per unit in April and the budgeted cost per unit in May. Explain why the cost per unit is expected to decrease.

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Solution Preview

Dear student,

The solution is provided in a separate excel file attached. It contains a classified production budget for May and supporting explanatory notes covering all answers to your questions as follows.

Explanatory Notes:
1 Variable cost:
Variable cost increases or decreases in direct proportion with the volume of production or the level of activity.
Ingredients cost:
Ingredient cost is in the ...

Solution Summary

The budgets in managerial accounting for Santiago's Salsa is examined.