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P8-26 Picanuy Corp: Completing a Master Budget Quarter

The following data relate to the operations of Picanuy Corporation, a wholesale distributor of consumer goods:

Current assets as of December 31:
Cash $ 6,000
Accounts receivable $36,000
Inventory $9,800
Buildings and equipment, net $110,885
Accounts payable $32,550
Capital stock $100,000
Retained earnings $30,135

a. The gross margin is 30% of sales. (In other words, cost of goods sold is 70% of sales.)
b. Actual and budgeted sales data are as follows:

December (actual) $60,000
January $70,000
February $80,000
March $85,000
April $55,000

c. Sales are 40% for cash and 60% on credit. Credit sales are collected in the month following sale. The accounts receivable at December 31 are the result of December credit sales.
d. Each month's ending inventory should equal 20% of the following month's budgeted cost of goods sold.
e. One-quarter of a month's inventory purchases is paid for in the month of purchase; the other three-quarters is paid for in the following month. The accounts payable at December 31 are the result of December purchases of inventory.
f. Monthly expenses are as follows: commissions, $12,000; rent, $1,800; other expenses (excluding depreciation), 8% of sales. Assume that these expenses are paid monthly. Depreciation is $2,400 for the quarter and includes depreciation on new assets acquired during the quarter.
g. Equipment will be acquired for cash: $3,000 in January and $8,000 in February.
h. Management would like to maintain a minimum cash balance of $5,000 at the end of each month. The company has an agreement with a local bank that allows the company to borrow in increments of $1,000 at the beginning of each month, up to a total loan balance of $50,000. The interest rate on these loans is 1% per month, and for simplicity, we will assume that interest is not compounded. The company would, as far as it is able, repay the loan plus accumulated interest at the end of the quarter.

Using the data above:
1. Complete the following schedule: Schedule of Expected Cash Collections
2. Complete the following:
Merchandise Purchases Budget
Schedule of Expected Cash Disbursements Merchandise Purchases
3. Complete the following schedule:
Schedule of Expected Cash Disbursements Selling and Administrative Expenses
4. Complete the following:
Cash budget:
5. Prepare an absorption costing income statement for the quarter ended March 31.
6. Prepare a balance sheet as of March 31.

Can you explain how you get each answer for the Schedule of Expected Cash Disbursements Merchandise Purchases, Schedule of Expected Cash Disbursements Selling and Administrative Expenses, and The Cash Budget?

Solution Preview

Your tutorial is a master budget in Excel with each cell containing a formula so you can click in ...

Solution Summary

Your tutorial is a master budget in Excel with each cell containing a formula so you can click in the cell and see how it was calculated. Instructional notes are made through the schedules so you can follow the template. The income statement and balance sheet also have computations that link back to the budget so you can see how the budget flows into the predicted ending balances for both statements.

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