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Variances in a Dress Manufacturing Operations

Dresses by Audrey Inc.
Audrey Inc. manufactures silk dresses in a small manufacturing facility. Manufacturing has 20 employees. Each employee presently provides 36 hours of productive labor per week. Information about a production week is as follows:

Standard wage per hour $10.65
Standard labor time per dress 20 minutes
Standard number of yards of silk per dress 3.8 yards
Standard price per yard of silk $2.75
Actual price per yard of silk $2.80
Actual yards of silk used during the week 7,500 yards
Number of dresses produced during the week 2,100
Actual wage per hour $10.80
Actual hours per week 720 hours

Instructions:
Determine (A) the standard cost per a dress for direct materials and direct labor, (B) the price variance, quantity variance, and total direct materials cost variance, and (C) the rate variance, and total direct labor cost variance.

Solution Preview

Part A

Standard cost per dress = Standard material cost + Standard labor cost = 3.8 * $2.75 + (20/60) * $10.65 = $14.00 ($10.45 in direct material and $3.55 in direct labor)

Part B

Price variance = (Actual price - Standard price) * Actual quantity used = ($2.80 - $2.75) * 7,500 = $375 (unfavorable)

Standard quantity for 2,100 ...

Solution Summary

This solution calculates the standard cost, price variance, quantity variance, total direct materials cost variance, rate variance and total direct labor cost variance for a dress manufacturing operation.

$2.19