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Cutler Electronics makes a radio-cassette player, CE100, whi

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Cutler Electronics makes a radio-cassette player, CE100, which has 80 components. Cutler sells 7,000 units each month for $70 each. The costs of manufacturing CE 100 are $45 per unit, or $315,00 per month. Monthly manufacturing costs incurred are: (see attached)

Cutler's management identifies the activity cost pools, the cost driver for each activity, and the cost per unit of the cost driver for each overhead cost pool as follows: (see attached)

Cutler's management views direct material costs and direct manufacturing labor costs as variable with respect to the units of CE100 manufactured. Over a long-run horizon, each of the overhead costs described in the preceding table varies, as described, with the chosen cost drivers.

The following additional information describes the existing design:

a) Testing and inspection time per unit is 2.5 hours.
b) 10% of the CE100s manufactured are reworked.
c) Cutler places two orders with each component supplier each month. Each component is supplied by a different supplier.
d) It currently takes 1 hour to manufacture each unit of CE100.

In response to competitive pressures, Cutler must reduce its price to $62 per unit and its costs by $8 per unit. No additional sales are anticipated at this lower price. However, Cutler stands to lose significant sales if it does not reduce its price. Manufacturing has been asked to reduce its costs by $6 per unit. Improvements in manufacturing efficiency are expected to yield a net savings of $1.50 per radio-cassette player, but that is not enough. The Chief Engineer has proposed a new modular design that reduces the number of components to 50 and also simplifies testing. The newly designed radio-cassette player, called 'New CE100' will replace CE100.

The expected effects of the new design are as follows:

a) Direct material cost of the New CE100 is expected to be lower by 20%.
b) Direct manufacturing labor cost for the New CE100 is expected to be lower by $.50 per unit.
c) Machining time required to manufacture the New CE100 is expected to be 20% less, but machine-hour capacity will not be reduced.
d) Time required for testing the New CE100 is expected to be lower by 20%.
e) Rework is expected to decline to 4% of New CE100s manufactured.
f) Engineering-hours capacity will remain the same.

Assume that the cost per unit of each cost driver for CE100 continues to apply to New CE100.

Answer the following:
1) Calculate Cutler's manufacturing cost per unit of New CE100.
2) Will the new design achieve the per-unit cost-reduction targets that have been set for the manufacturing costs of New CE100? Show your calculations.
3) The problem describes two strategies to reduce costs (a) improving manufacturing efficiency and (b) modifying product design. Which strategy has more impact on Cutler's costs? Why? Explain briefly.

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Cutler Electronics makes a radio-cassette player, CE100, which has 80 components. Cutler sells 7,000 units each month for $70 each. The costs of manufacturing CE 100 are $45 per unit, or $315,00 per month. Monthly manufacturing costs incurred are: (see attached)

Cutler's management identifies the activity cost pools, the cost driver for each activity, and the cost per unit of the cost driver for each overhead cost pool as follows: (see attached)

Cutler's management views direct material costs and direct manufacturing labor costs as variable with respect to the units of CE100 manufactured. Over a long-run horizon, each of the overhead costs described in the preceding table varies, as described, with the chosen ...

Solution Summary

Cutler Electronics makes a radio-cassette player, CE100, which has 80 components. Cutler sells 7,000 units each month for $70 each. The costs of manufacturing CE 100 are $45 per unit, or $315,00 per month. Monthly manufacturing costs incurred are: (see attached)

Cutler's management identifies the activity cost pools, the cost driver for each activity, and the cost per unit of the cost driver for each overhead cost pool as follows: (see attached)

Cutler's management views direct material costs and direct manufacturing labor costs as variable with respect to the units of CE100 manufactured. Over a long-run horizon, each of the overhead costs described in the preceding table varies, as described, with the chosen cost drivers.

The following additional information describes the existing design:

a) Testing and inspection time per unit is 2.5 hours.
b) 10% of the CE100s manufactured are reworked.
c) Cutler places two orders with each component supplier each month. Each component is supplied by a different supplier.
d) It currently takes 1 hour to manufacture each unit of CE100.

In response to competitive pressures, Cutler must reduce its price to $62 per unit and its costs by $8 per unit. No additional sales are anticipated at this lower price. However, Cutler stands to lose significant sales if it does not reduce its price. Manufacturing has been asked to reduce its costs by $6 per unit. Improvements in manufacturing efficiency are expected to yield a net savings of $1.50 per radio-cassette player, but that is not enough. The Chief Engineer has proposed a new modular design that reduces the number of components to 50 and also simplifies testing. The newly designed radio-cassette player, called 'New CE100' will replace CE100.

The expected effects of the new design are as follows:

a) Direct material cost of the New CE100 is expected to be lower by 20%.
b) Direct manufacturing labor cost for the New CE100 is expected to be lower by $.50 per unit.
c) Machining time required to manufacture the New CE100 is expected to be 20% less, but machine-hour capacity will not be reduced.
d) Time required for testing the New CE100 is expected to be lower by 20%.
e) Rework is expected to decline to 4% of New CE100s manufactured.
f) Engineering-hours capacity will remain the same.

Assume that the cost per unit of each cost driver for CE100 continues to apply to New CE100.

Answer the following:
1) Calculate Cutler's manufacturing cost per unit of New CE100.
2) Will the new design achieve the per-unit cost-reduction targets that have been set for the manufacturing costs of New CE100? Show your calculations.
3) The problem describes two strategies to reduce costs (a) improving manufacturing efficiency and (b) modifying product design. Which strategy has more impact on Cutler's costs? Why? Explain briefly.

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