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# Journal Entries to Record Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The ledger of Elburn Company at the end of the current year shows Accounts Receivable \$110,000, Sales \$840,000, and Sales Returns and Allowances \$28,000.

Instructions

(a) If Elburn uses the direct write-off method to account for uncollectible accounts, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming Elburn determines that Copp's \$1,400 balance is uncollectible.

(b) If Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a credit balance of \$2,100 in the trial balance, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming bad debts are expected to be (1) 1% of net sales, and (2) 10% of accounts receivable.

(c) If Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a debit balance of \$200 in the trial balance, journalize the adjusting entry at December 31, assuming bad debts are expected to be (1) 0.75% of net sales and (2) 6% of accounts receivable.

#### Solution Preview

When Bad Debts are estimated as a percentage of Sales:

Net Sales = \$840,000 - \$28,000 = \$812,000

To estimate Bad Debts:

1) Multiply the amount of net sales by the percentage (\$812,000 x 0.01) = \$8,120

The entry to record that estimation would be:

Bad Debts Expense \$8,120
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts \$8,120

After adjustment, since the Allowance for Doubtful Accounts has a credit balance of \$2,100 in the trial balance, ...

#### Solution Summary

The solution includes a Word file and an Excel sheet that shows (with explanation) the calculation of bad debts expense under the percentage of sales method as well as the allowance method.

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