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FIFO/LIFO Methods Net Income (After Tax)

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Assume the Bullock Corporation had the following purchases and sales of its single product during its first three years of operation:
purchases | sales
year | unit | unit cost | unit | unit price
1 | 10,000 | $10 | 8,000 | $14
2 | 9,000 | 12 | 9,000 | 17
3 | 8,000 | 15 | 10,000 | 18
_______ ______
totals: 27,000 27,000
________ _______

Cost of goods sold is Bullock's only expenses. The income tax rate is 40%
1. Determine the net income (after tax) for each of the three years assuming FIFO historical cost flow
2. Determine the net income (after tax) for each of the three years assuming LIFO historical cost flow
3. Compare the total net income over the life of the business. How do the different cost flow assumption affect net income and cash flow over the life of the business? From a cash flow perspective,which cost flow assumption is better?

Please see attached excel spreadsheet for details.

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Solution Summary

This solution illustrates how to compute after-tax net income using the first-in, first-out and last-in, first-out inventory flow assumptions.

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Electronic Heaven, Inc., sells electronic merchandise, including a personal computer offered for the first time in September, which retails for $695. Sales of this personal computer for the next six month period (ending February 28) totaled $52, 125. Purchase records indicate the following on the amounts purchased and prices and prices paid by Electronic Heaven:

Purchase Date Units Cost per unit
September 10 12 $370
October 15 20 $375
November 2 32 $360
December 10 11 $350
February 3 10 $335

Required:

a. Prepare a statement for this personal computer showing its gross margin for the six month period ending February 28 using the FIFO, average cost, and LIFO inventory methods.

b. What was the gross margin percentage earned on the $52, 125 sales of this personal computer? (Hint: the answer depends on the inventory method used.)

c. If all of the purchases and sales of this personal computer were for cash, what was the net pre-tax cash flow resulting from the purchases and sales of this personal computer? Would the use of different inventory methods change the pre-tax cash flow figure you calculated?

d. Assume a tax rate of 30 percent. What would be the net after-tax cash flow using different inventory methods for tax purposes?

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