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Derivative and a derivative securities market

What is derivative and derivative securities market? Why are they important?

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Derivatives are financial instruments whose value changes in response to the changes in underlying variables. The main types of derivatives are futures, forwards, options, and swaps. The main use of derivatives is to reduce risk for one party. The diverse range of potential underlying assets and pay-off alternatives leads to a wide range of derivatives contracts available to be traded in the market. Derivatives can be based on different types of assets such as commodities, equities (stocks), bonds, interest rates, exchange rates, or indexes (such as a stock market index, consumer price index (CPI) ? or even an index of weather conditions, or other derivatives). Their performance can determine both the amount and the timing of the pay-offs.

Uses of Derivatives are as follows:
1. Hedging
One use of derivatives is to be used as a tool to transfer risk by taking the opposite position in the underlying asset. For example, a wheat farmer and a ...

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