Eximco Corporation (based in Champaign, Illinois) has a number of transactions with companies in the country of Mongagua, where the currency is the Mong. On November 30, 2011, Eximco sold equipment at a price of 500,000 mongs to a Mongaguan customer that will make payments on January 31, 2012. in addition, on November 30, 2011, Eximco purchased raw materials from a Mongaguan supplier at a price of 300,000 mongs; it will make payment on January 31, 2012. To hedge its net exposure in mongs, Eximco entered into a two month forward contract on November 30, 2011, to deliver 200,000 mongs to the foreign currency broker in exchange for 104,000. Eximco property designates its forward contract as a fair value hedge of a foreign currency receivable. The following rates for the mong apply:
Date: Spot Rate: Forward rate (to January 31, 2012)
November 30, 2011 .53 .52
December 31, 2011 .50 .48
January 31, 2012 .49 N/A
Eximco's incremental borrowing rate is 12%. The present value factor for one month at an annual interest rate of 12% (1% per month) is .9901.
A. Prepare all journal entries, including December 31 adjusting entries, to record these transactions and the forward contract.
B. What is the impact on net income in 2011?
C. What is the impact on net income in 2012?
November 30, 2011
DR: Accounts receivable (0.53*500,000) 265,000
CR: Sales revenue 265,000
DR: Inventory (0.53*300,000) 159,000
CR: Accounts payable 159,000
December 31, 2011
Currency receivable rates are examined.