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Variances; Grater segmented income statement; division ROI

Photos Inc. has a standard cost system in which it applies overhead to products based on the standard direct labor hours allowed for the actual output of the period. Data concerning the most recent year appear below:
Total budgeted fixed overhead cost for the year \$250,000
Actual fixed overhead cost for the year \$265,000
Budgeted standard direct labor hours 40,000
Actual direct labor hours 41,000
Standard direct labor hours allowed for actual output 40,800

a. Compute the fixed portion of the predetermined overhead rate for the year. Show computations.
b. Compute the fixed budget and volume variances. Show computations.

Grater Inc. sells product A and product B. Revenue and cost information relating to the products follow:
Product
A B
Selling price per unit \$48.00 \$65.00
Variable Expenses per unit \$24.50 \$29.20
Traceable fixed expenses per year\$144,000 \$101,500

Common fixed expenses in the company total \$390,000 annually. Last year the company produced and sold 10,000 of product A and 15,000 of Product B.

Prepare a contribution format income statement for the year segmented by product lines. Show details clearly.

Selected sales and operating data for three divisions of three different companies are given below:

Division X Division Y Division Z
Sales \$900,000 \$750,000 \$600,000
Average operating assets \$600,000 \$150,000 \$200,000
Net operating income \$54,000 \$30,000 \$10,000
Minimum required rate of return 10% 16% 8%

a. Compute the return on investment (ROI) for each division using the formula stated interms of margin and turnover. Show computations.
b. Compute the residual income for each division. Show computations.
Under which of these methods would they accept an opportunity with a 15 percent return. Show computations and details.

Solution Preview

See attached file.

a. Compute the fixed portion of the predetermined overhead rate for the year. Show computations