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Cash and Accrual Income Statement for a Manufacturer

Anna's Catering makes sandwiches for vending machines. The sandwiches are delivered to the vendor on the same day that they are made. The following events took place during the first year of operations:

a. On the first day of the year, issued common stock for a $20,000 cash investment and a $10,000 investment of equipment. The equipment is expected to last 10 years and will be worthless at the end of that time.

b. Purchased a delivery truck at the beginning of the year at a cost of $14,000 cash. The truck is expected to last five years and will be worthless at the end of that time.

c. Made and sold 50,000 sandwiches during the first year of operations. The cost incurred to make the sandwiches are (1) $800 monthly rent on a facility the included utilities and and insurance, (2) @25,000 of meat, cheese, bread, and condiments ( all food was purchased on account, and $4,000 is still unpaid at year-end even though all of the food has been used) and (3) $35,000 paid in salaries and wages to employees and supervisors.

d. Paid $12,000 for part-time office staff salaries

e. Sold all sandwiches on account for $2 each. As of year end, $25,000 is still due from the vendors.

Required
1. How much revenue will Anna's Catering recognize under the cash basis and under the accrual basis?

2. Explain how accountants apply the revenue recognition principle to Anna's small businesss. What conditions would allow Anna's to use the cash method to recognize revenue?

3. Prepare an income statement according tot he accrual method. Ignore income taxes.

Solution Preview

For your review, I have attached a formatted MS Excel spreadsheet ...

Solution Summary

For your review, I have attached a formatted MS Excel spreadsheet containing information regarding cash versus the accrual methods of accounting. I have also listed reference sources which may prove useful in gaining a better understanding of the subject matter.

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