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Accounting:Ratios and leverage.

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1. Scott Equipment Organization
Based on the following scenario, complete the calculations below:
Scott Equipment Organization is investigating the use of various combinations of short-term and long-term debt in financing its assets. Assume that the organization has decided to employ $30 million in current assets, along with $35 million in fixed assets, in its operations next year. Given the level of current assets, anticipated sales and Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT) for next year are $60 million and $6 million, respectively. The organization's income tax rate is 40%; Stockholders' equity will be used to finance $40 million of its assets, with the remainder being financed by short-term and long-term debt. Scott's is considering implementing one of the following financing policies:
Amount of Short-Term Debt
Financial Policy In mil. LTD (Interest %) STD
(Interest %)
Aggressive
(large amount of short-term debt) $24 8.5 5.5
Moderate
(moderate amount of short-term debt) $18 8.0 5.0
Conservative
(small amount of short-term debt) $12 7.5 4.5

a. Determine the following for each of the financing policies:
1) Expected rate of return on stockholders' equity
2) Net working capital position
3) Current ratio
b. Evaluate the profitability versus risk trade-offs of these three policies. Would you rate each one "low", "medium", or "high" with respect to profitability? Would you rate each one "low", "medium", or "high" with respect to risk?

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Solution Summary

The problem deals with determining the effect of different policies on the capital structure.

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Accounting: Ratios for Amazon.com

Please help calculate Amazon.com's actual ratios and evaluate financial performance for 2010 and 2009 (please see list below) using the balance sheet and income statement. Then compare and discuss how these trends may impact the financial condition of each company. What do ratio results mean to management (e.g. a current ratio of 1.30 means the company's current assets are 1.3 times their current liabilities). Based upon the analysis of Amazon.com would you invest in it? Why?

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10) Total asset turnover
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