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Financial Accounting: Bank reconciliation problems

Petty Cash Fund

On January 2, 2010, Cleaver Video Stores decided to set up a petty cash fund. The treasurer established the fund by writing and cashing a $300 check and placing the coin and currency in a locked petty cash drawer. Edward Haskell was designated as the custodian for the fund. During January, the following receipts were given to Haskell in exchange for cash from the fund:

U.S. Post Office (stamps) $76.00
Speedy Delivery Service 45.30
Cake N Cookies (party for retiring employee) 65.40
Office Supply Superstore (paper, pencils) 36.00

A count of the cash in the drawer on January 31 revealed a balance of $74.10. The treasurer wrote and cashed a check on the same day to restore the fund to its original balance of $300.


1. Prepare the necessary journal entries, with explanations, for January. Assume that all stamps and office supplies were used during the month.


Bank Reconciliation

The following information is available to assist you in preparing a bank reconciliation for Calico Corners on May 31, 2010.

a. The balance on the May 31, 2010, bank statement is $8,432.11.
b. Not included on the bank statement is a $1,250 deposit made by Calico Corners late on May 31.
c. A comparison between the canceled checks returned with the bank statement and the company records indicated that the following checks are outstanding at May 31

No. 123 $25.40
No. 127 145.00
No. 128 210.80
No. 130 67.32

d. The Cash account on the company's books shows a balance of $9,965.34.
e. The bank acts as a collection agency for interest earned on some municipal bonds held by Calico Corners. The May bank statement indicates interest of $465.00 earned during the month.
f. Interest earned on the checking account and added to Calico Corners' account during May was $54.60. Miscellaneous bank service charges amounted to $50.00.
g. A customer's NSF check in the amount of $166.00 was returned with the May bank statement.
h. A comparison between the deposits listed on the bank statement and the company's books revealed that a customer's check in the amount of $123.45 was recorded on the books during May but was never added to the company's account. The bank erroneously added the check to the account of Calico Closet, which has an account at the same bank.
i. The comparison of deposits per the bank statement with those per the books revealed that another customer's check in the amount of $101.10 was correctly added to the company's account. In recording the check on the company's books, however, the accountant erroneously increased the Cash account by $1,011.00.


1. Prepare a bank reconciliation in good form.
2. Record the necessary journal entries on the company's books resulting from the bank reconciliation prepared in part (1) above.
3. A friend says to you: "I don't know why companies bother to prepare bank reconciliations- it seems a waste of time. Why don't they just do like I do and adjust the Cash account for any difference between what the bank shows as a balance and what shows up in the books?"

Explain to your friend why a bank reconciliation should be prepared as soon as a bank statement is received.


Solution Summary

The solution answers bank reconciliation problems.