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Various Financial Accouting Questions

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Problem 4-14 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

Bradley Corporation
COST FOR JULY, 201X Units Sold 13,000
Material $2 Price per Unit $16
Labor $4 Beginning Inventory 3,000
Overhead $2 Units Produced 12,000
$8 Cost July-Dec. $11

Sales Value of Ending Inventory:
Cost of goods sold: Beginning Inventory
Old Inventory: FIFO Total Production
Quantity (Units) Total Inventory available for sale
Cost per Unit Cost of goods sold
Total Ending Inventory
New Inventory:
Quantity (Units)
Cost per unit
Total Cost of Goods Sold:
Gross Profit

Problem 4-17 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

Victoria's Apparel
Credit Sales
September $50,000 Sales Collected in month of sales 20%
Fourth Quarter Sales Collected the following month 70%
October $40,000 Sales never collected 10%
November $35,000
December $60,000

September October November December
Credit Sales
20% collected
70% collected
Total Collected

Problem 4-27 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

Owen's Electronics
Sales 100,000,000 Balance Sheet (in $ millions)
Profit Margin 7% Cash 2 Accounts payable 15
Dividend Payout Ratio 40% Accounts Receivable 20 Accrued wages 2
Sales- increase next year 10% Inventory 23 Accrued taxes 8
100 Current Assets 45 Current Liabilities 25
110,000,000 Fixed Assets 40 Notes Payable 10
Common stock 15
Retained Earnings 35
Total liabilities &
Total assets 85 Stockholders' equity 85

Change in sales
Required New funds


Problem 5-8 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

Air Purifier, Inc.
Fixed Costs $2,400,000
% of Depreciation value 15%
Depreciation $360,000
Contribution Margin $30.00


Cash Related Fixed Costs =

Cash Breakeven =

Problem 5-11 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

Harding Company Solution:
Number of units = Q 10,000 a) DOL =
Sales Price per Unit = P $50
Variable Costs per Unit = VC $20
Fixed Costs = FC $150,000 b) DFL =
Interest Expense = I $60,000
Taxes 40%
Harding Company c) DCL =
Income Statement
For the Year Ended Dec. 31, 201X
Sales (10,000 tires @ $50 each) $500,000 d) BE =
Variable costs (10,000 tires @ $20) ($200,000)
Fixed Costs ($150,000)
EBIT $150,000
Interest Expense ($60,000)
EBT $90,000
Income Taxes @ 30% ($36,000)
EAT $54,000

Problem 5-15 - Refer to problems at the end of the chapter for details and instructions:
Use template to complete the problem:

U.S Steal Income Statement Data
Units Sold Total VC Fixed Costs Total Costs Total Revenue Operating Income
40,000 $80,000 $50,000 $130,000 $160,000 $30,000
60,000 $120,000 $50,000 $170,000 $240,000 $70,000

b) Q =
P =
VC =

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Solution Summary

The solution answers various financial accounting questions related cost of goods sold, total Inventory available for sale, cash budget, additional financial needs, cash breakeven, degree of operating leverage, degree of financial leverage, degree of combined leverage, breakeven point.

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Accounting questions on financial accounting, accounting authority, transaction, credit balance, adjusting entries, matching, trial balance, work sheet, ...

1. Financial accounting information:
A. Is primarily historical in nature.

B. Is intended primarily for internal management use.

C. Need not conform to GAAP.

D. Is not concerned with the solvency of a business.

2. The accounting authority widely accepted as the major source of
new accounting principles or standards is the:




3. According to the text, an accountant's most valuable asset is his or her:
A. Home.

B. Business.

C. Reputation.

D. Money.

4. Which of the following is true of a single transaction that
results in an increase in an asset account and an increase in a stockholders
' equity account?
A. The asset account is credited, and the stockholders' equity account
is debited.

B. Since both accounts increased, both accounts are debited.

C. The asset account is debited, and the stockholders' equity account is

D. The transaction is not a possible one.

5. Which of the following accounts would be most likely to have a credit balance?
A. Accounts Payable, Sales Revenue, Capital Stock

B. Accounts Payable, Notes Payable, Administrative Expenses

C. Accounts Payable, Sales Revenue, Dividends

D. Accounts Receivable, Administrative Expenses, Dividends
6. In a single transaction, if the Notes Payable account is credited,
which of the following would not be a possible corresponding debit?
A. Increase the Office Equipment account.

B. Decrease the Accounts Payable account.

C. Increase the Cash account.

D. Decrease the Office Equipment account.

7. Adjusting entries:
A. Are always required monthly.

B. Are identified before the financial statements are prepared.

C. Usually require adjustment of the Land account.

D. Only affect the income statement.
8. The need to prepare financial statements and the requirements of
the federal income tax laws result in businesses preparing financial
statements at least:
A. Monthly.

B. Quarterly.

C. Yearly.

D. Weekly.

9. Which of the following items is (are) important in the matching of expenses and revenues under the accrual basis of accounting?
A. Earning of delivery fees for which payment has already been received

B. Depreciation of a building

C. Accrual of rent expense

D. All of the other answers are correct.

10. Which account would probably have a smaller balance in the Adjusted Trial Balance columns than in the Trial Balance columns?
A. Unearned Delivery Fees

B. Supplies Expense

C. Accumulated Depreciation

D. Salaries expense
11. The work sheet is:
A. Used to summarize the information needed for adjusting and closing
entries and preparing financial statements.

B. A tool used throughout the year as an aid in making correct journal entries.

C. Included along with the financial statements when they are distributed to users.

D. A substitute for the journal for recording adjusting entries.
12. Which of the following would always appear in a statement of
retained earnings?
A. Net income

B. Dividends account balance

C. Retained earning account balance at the beginning of year

D. Cash balance at end of year

13. Materiality is:
A. Unimportant in determining whether or not there is adequate disclosure.

B. Measured strictly by the dollar amounts of the individual items; for
example, a $50,000 amount is always material.

C. Measured by whether or not the manner in which the item is treated
might influence decisions or evaluations.

D. Always an aggregate consideration.

14. The principle of conservatism would:
A. Not overstate net income or net assets.

B. Consistently understate expenses and revenues.

C. Consistently understate assets and liabilities.

D. Not be appropriate for a service industry company.

15. The reliability of information depends on all of the following except:
A. Verifiability.

B. Neutrality,

C. Feedback value.

D. Representational faithfulness

16. Which of the following is a violation of internal control?
A. Only one employee us responsible for authorizing payment of a bill
and writing the check paying the bill.

B. Only one employee is responsible for custodianship of the petty cash fund.

C. An employee switches from being responsible for accounts payable to
being responsible for account receivable
D. All checks are prenumbered.

17. Failure to record a transaction that created a liability:
A. Could cause net income and retained earnings to be understated.

B. Could cause assets to be understated.

C. Could cause the total of liabilities and retained earnings to be overstated.

D. Could never have an effect on either assets or net income.

18. Finish Co. exchanged $20,000 cash and a machine that costs $40,000 on which $10,000 of depreciation had been recorded for a tract of land. The land has a fair market value of $44,000. The land should be recorded on Finish's books at:
A. $60,000

B. $50,000

C. $44,000

D. $64,000

19. The chief purpose of depreciation accounting is to:

A. Provide a fund for financing the replacement of depreciable assets.

B. Provide a deduction for income tax purposes.

C. Revalue assets that have declined in value.

D. Systematically allocate the service potential of depreciable assets,
usually measured in terms of cost, against the revenue produced over the
estimated useful lives of those assets.

20. Which of the following would be debited to an expense account?
A. $4,000 spent in overhauling an engine, which increased its estimated useful life by four years

B. Purchase of a new automobile to be used by the owner of a business

C. Installation of automatic controls on a factory machine

D. $3,200 spent to repair the motor on a machine. The expenditure did
not increase the life of the machine beyond the original estimate.

21. Unissued shares of stock are:
A. Authorized but not outstanding.

B. Equal to issued shares in basic rights.

C. A liability to the corporation.

D. Outstanding shares.

22. Which of the following would be least useful in recording the
issuance of stock?

A. Par value or stated value

B. Number or shares issued

C. Sales price per share

D. Number of shares authorized

23. The book value of the common stock of a corporation that has both
common and preferred stock outstanding is which of the following?
A. A constant value over many years

B. Total stockholders' equity divided by the number of common shares outstanding

C. The same as the par value of the common stock

D. The other answers are all incorrect.

24. The ratio of (1) net income available to common stockholders to
(2) average common stockholders' equity measures:
A. The dividends available to common stockholders.

B. The return on common stockholders' equity.

C. The return on investment for all stockholders.

D. The other answers are all incorrect.

25. Paid-in capital may come from many sources including:
A. The sale of inventory.

B. The issuance of bonds or notes.

C. Donations to the corporation.

D. Interest paid to the corporation for the use of funds.

26. A complete stockholders' equity section of the balance sheet:
A. Typically contains paid-in capital, retained earnings, and treasury stock sections.

B. Lists different classes of stock separately.

C. Is usually supported by information in the statement of stockholders' equity.

D. Does all of the other answers.

27. A stock split increasing the number of shares of stock also:
A. Reduces retained earnings and increases the paid-in capital.

B. Usually creates a credit to a Paid-in in Excess of Par account.

C. Decreases the par value per share of the stock in direct proportion to the stock split.

D. Does all the above.

28. Treasury stock is stock that:

A. Has never been issued.

B. Must be offered to existing stockholders first in amounts
proportional to their shareholdings of the issuer's stock.

C. Is apportioned to cover special projects such as the construction of a new building.

D. Has been issued but was reacquired by the corporation.

29. All short-term investments are initially recorded at cost
A. The rule-making body (ies) have specified its use.

B. Cost is the simplest and most efficient method.

C. The cost can be objectively determined.

D. All of the other answers are correct.

30. If a loss on an individual stock being held as an
available-for-sale security is deemed to be permanent rather than temporary,
the loss is recorded as:
A. Realized and deducted from stockholder's equity.

B. Realized and deducted in determining net income.

C. Realized but not recognized.

D. Unrealized and deducted from stockholders' equity.

31. Which of the following statements is true?
A. The statement of changes in financial position replaced the statement of cash flows.

B. The statement of cash flows has two parts-sources of cash and uses of cash.

C. The old statement of changes in financial position (emphasizing
working capital) always showed cash flows from operating activities.

D. All of the other statements are false.

32. Which of the following is not a purpose of the statements of cash flows?
A. To report the flow of cash into and out of the business

B. To show the cash flow effects of significant operating, financing,
and investing activities of the business.

C. To provide additional information showing the activities causing
increases or decreases in cash during the period.

D. To explain all changes in the retained earnings account during the

33. Cash paid for financing activities would include cash paid for:

A. The stock of another company.

B. Merchandise inventory.

C. The purchase of treasury stock.

D. Taxes.

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