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Journal entries and trial balance

3-15: Compute the missing amounts for companies A, B, and C.

A B C
Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $45,000 $ 4,500 $18,000
Accounts receivable . . . . . . . . 10,000 10,000 14,000
Land and buildings . . . . . . . 75,000 ? 50,000
Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . ? 12,000 28,000
Mortgage payable . . . . . . . . . 60,000 17,000 22,000
Owners' equity . . . .. . . . . . . 45,000 15,000

3-16: From the information provided, determine:
1. The amount of retained earnings at December 31.
2. The amount of revenues for the period.
Totals January 1 December 31
Current assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $ 10,000 $ 15,000
All other assets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190,000 180,000
Liabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65,000 45,000
Capital stock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60,000 ?
Retained earnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75,000 ?
Additional data:
Expenses for the period were $75,000.
Dividends paid were $11,500.
Capital stock increased by $10,000 during the period.

3-17: Make the journal entries necessary to record the following eight transactions.
a. Purchased inventory on account for $130,000.
b. Sold goods for $100,000 cash. The goods originally cost $65,000.
c. Paid $27,000 cash for employee wages.
d. Paid $12,500 cash for advertising.
e. Sold goods for $25,000 cash and $60,000 on account (a total of $85,000). The goods originally cost $57,000.
f. Collected cash of $47,000 from the $60,000 receivable on account; the remaining $13,000 is expected to be collected later.
g. Paid cash of $55,000 on the $130,000 payable on account; the remaining $75,000 is expected to be paid later.
h. Paid cash dividends of $8,500.

3-18: Refer to the journal entries made in Practice 3-17. Construct a T-account representing each account impacted by those eight transactions. Post all of the journal entries to these T-accounts. Compute the ending balance in each account. Assume that the beginning balance in each T account is zero.

3-19: Refer to the T-accounts constructed in Practice 3-17 and Practice 3-18. Using the ending balances in those T-accounts, construct a trial balance. Note: The only account that is common to these two sets of T-accounts is the cash account; add the two cash account balances together to get the total balance.

Solution Preview

3-15: Compute the missing amounts for companies A, B, and C.
A B C
Cash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $45,000 $ 4,500 $18,000
Accounts receivable . . . . . . . . 10,000 10,000 14,000
Land and buildings . . . . . . . 75,000 ? 50,000
Accounts payable . . . . . . . . . . ? 12,000 28,000
Mortgage payable . . . . . . . . . 60,000 17,000 22,000
Owners' equity . . . .. . . . . . . 45,000 15,000 ?

Normally, total assets equal to total liabilities plus total equity. Therefore, we can find the missing amounts by using the following equation.

Total assets = Total Liabilities + Total Equity
Cash + Accounts receivable + Land and buildings = Accounts payable + Mortgage payable + Owners' equity

Company A
45,000 + 10,000 + 75,000 = Accounts payable + 60,000 + 45,000
130,000 = Accounts payable + 105,000
Accounts payable = 25,000

Company B
4,500 + 10,000 + Land and buildings = 12,000 + 17,000 + ...

Solution Summary

This solution is comprised of a detailed explanation to find the missing amount, prepare the journal entries and trial balance for the given accounting transactions.

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