The Campbell Company is evaluating the proposed acquisition of a new milling machine. The machine's base price is $108,000, and it would cost another $12,500 to modify it for special use. The machine fall into the MACRS 3-year class, and it would be sold after 3 years for $65,000. The machine would require an increase in net working capital ( inventory ) of $5,500. The milling machine would have no affect on revenues, but it is expected to save the firm $44,000 per year in before-tax operating costs, mainly labor. Campbell's marginal tax rate is 35%.
a. What is the net cost of the machine for capital budgeting purposes? (that is, what is the Year-0 net cash flow?)
b. What are the net operating cash flows in Year 1,2, and 3?
c. What is the additional Year-3 cash flow (that is, the after-tax salvage and the return of working capital)?
d. If the project's cost of capital is 12%, should the machine be purchased?
This solution is comprised of a detailed explanation to answer what is the net cost of the machine for capital budgeting purposes in an attached Excel file.