Pueblo Enterprises is considering investing in either of two mutually exclusive projects, X and Y. Project X requires an initial investment of $30,000; project Y requires $40,000. Each project's cash inflows are 5-year annuities: Project X's inflows are $10,000 per year; project Y's are $15,000. The firm has unlimited funds and, in the absence of risk differences, accepts the project with the highest NPV. The cost of capital is 15%.
A. Find the NPV for each project. Are the projects acceptable?
B. Find the breakeven cash inflow for each project.
C. The firm has estimated the probabilities of achieving various ranges of cash inflows for the two projects, as shown in the following table. What is the probability that each project will achieve the breakeven cash flow found in part B.
Probability of achieving
cash inflow in given range
Range of cash inflow Project X Project Y
$0 to $5,000 0% 5%
$5,000 to $7,500 10 10
$7,500 to $10,000 60 15
$10,000 to $12,500 25 25
$12,500 to $15,000 5 20
$15,000 to $20,000 0 15
Above $20,000 0 10
D. Which project is more risky? Which project has the potentially higher NPV? Discuss the risk-return trade offs of the two projects.
E. If the firm wished to minimize losses (that is, NPV_$0), which project would you recommend? Which would you recommend if the goal was achieving a higher NPV?
The expert examines Pueblo Enterprises considering to invest for cash inflows and risks.