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Traditional IRA vs Roth IRA

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Suppose one of your clients is four years away from retirement and has only $2,500 in pretax income to devote to either Roth or traditional IRA. The traditional IRA permits investors to contribute the full $2,500 since contributions to these accounts are tax-deductible, but they must pay taxes on all future distributions. In contrast, contributions to a Roth IRA are no tax-deductible. For example, if a person's tax rate is 25 percent, an investor is able to contribute only $1875 after taxes; however, the earnings of a Roth IRA grow tax free. Your company has decided to waive the one time set up fee of $50 to open a Roth IRA; however, investors opening traditional IRA must pay the $50 set up fee. Assuming that your client anticipates that her tax rate will remain at 19 percent in retirement and will earn stable 7 percent return on her investment, will she prefer a traditional or Roth IRA?

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Traditional IRA
Tax savings for $2500 contribution today: 2500 x 25% = $625
Fee for setup of IRA = $50
Tax cost when withdrawn: $2500 x 19% = $475
Tax on earnings at 7% compounded annually for 5 full years is $1006 x 19% = $191
Total tax is $475 + $191 = $666

Roth IRA
Tax cost for $2500 to a Roth rather than a traditional IRA: 2500 x 25% = $625
Fee for setup of Roth = $0
Tax savings when withdrawn: $0
Tax on earnings = $0

Variable factors that could influence the decision:
1. Traditional IRAs are subject to the RMD (required minimum ...

Solution Summary

The traditional IRA versus Roth IRA are examined. The investors for opening traditional IRA are provided. The clients anticipated are given.

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Traditional IRA vs Roth IRA; Small company qualified vs non-qualified retirement plans

1) Both nondeductible contributions to a traditional IRA and contributions to a Roth IRA are similar in the sense that neither provides a tax deduction at the date of contribution. Which of the two types would be most advantageous to taxpayers, and why?

2) Your client is about to establish his own business and hire at least 10 employees. They ask you for advice concerning establishing a qualified vs. a non-qualified retirement plan. What do you advise your client? Would your answer change if you were a potential employee? Why or why not?

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