41. Which of the following is the best measure of the systematic risk in a portfolio?
b. standard deviation
42. The expected return for the asset shown in the following table is 18.75 percent. If the return distribution for the asset is described as below, what is the standard deviation for the asset's returns?
43. Which of the following statements is most correct?
a. If Project A has a higher IRR than Project B, then Project A must also have a higher NPV.
b. If a project's internal rate of return (IRR) exceeds the cost of capital, then the project's net present value (NPV) must be positive.
c. The IRR calculation implicitly assumes that all cash flows are reinvested at a rate of return equal to the cost of capital.
d. Statements a and c are correct.
e. None of the statements above is correct.
44. You are deciding among two mutually exclusive projects. The two projects have the following cash flows:
Project A Project B
Year Cash Flow Cash Flow
0 -$50,000 -$30,000
1 10,000 6,000
2 15,000 12,000
3 40,000 18,000
4 20,000 12,000
The company's weighted average cost of capital is 10 percent. What is the net present value (NPV) of the project with the highest internal rate of return (IRR)?
a. $ 7,090
b. $ 8,360
The solution answers 4 multiple choice question related to risk, expected return, NPV.
Risk preference/risk analysis and NPV calculations
1. Risk preferences Sharon Smith, the financial manager for Barnett Corporation, wishes to evaluate three prospective investments: X, Y, and Z. Currently, the firm earns 12% on its investments, which have a risk index of 6%. The expected return and expected risk of the investments are as follows:
Investment Expected return Expected risk index
X 14% 7%
y 12 8
z 10 9
a. If Sharon were risk-indifferent, which investments would she select? Explain why.
b. If she were risk-averse, which investments would she select? Why?
c. If she were risk-seeking, which investments would she select? Why?
d. Given the traditional risk preference behavior exhibited by financial managers, which investment would be preferred? Why?
2. Risk analysis Solar Designs is considering an investment in an expanded product line. Two possible types of expansion are being considered. After investigating the possible outcomes, the company made the estimates shown in the following table:
Expansion A Expansion B
Initial investment $12,000 $12,000
Annual rate of return
Pessimistic 16% 10%
Most likely 20% 20%
Optimistic 24% 30%
a. Determine the range of the rates of return for each of the two projects.
b. Which project is less risky? Why?
c. If you were making the investment decision, which one would you choose? Why? What does this imply about your feelings toward risk?
d. Assume that expansion B's most likely outcome is 21% per year and that all other facts remain the same. Does this change your answer to part c? Why?
3. Portfolio analysis You have been given the return data shown in the first table on three assets - F, G, and H - over the period 2007-2010.
Year Asset F Asset G Asset H
2007 16% 17% 14%
2008 17 16 15
2009 18 15 16
2010 19 14 17
Using these assets, you have isolated the three investment alternatives shown in the following table:
1 100% of asset F
2 50% of asset F and 50% of asset G
3 50% of asset F and 50% of asset H
a. Calculate the expected return over the 4-year period for each of the three alternatives.
b. Calculate the standard deviation of returns over the 4-year period for each of the three alternatives.
c. Use your findings in parts a and b to calculate the coefficient of variation for each of the three alternatives.
d. On the basis of your findings, which of the three investment alternatives do you recommend? Why?
4. Basic sensitivity analysis Murdock Paints is in the process of evaluating two mutually exclusive additions to its processing capacity. The firm's financial analysts have developed pessimistic, most likely, and optimistic estimates of the annual cash inflows associated with each project. These estimates are shown in the following table.
Project A Project B
Initial investment (CF0) $8,000 $8,000
Outcome Annual cash inflows (CF)
Pessimistic $200 $900
Most likely 1,000 1,000
Optimistic 1,800 1,100
a. Determine the range of annual cash inflows for each of the two projects.
b. Assume that the firm' s cost of capital is 10% and that both projects have 20-year lives. Construct a table similar to this for the NPVs for each project. Include the range of NPVs for each project.
c. Do parts a and b provide consistent views of the two projects? Explain.
d. Which project do you recommend? Why?