COMPREHENSIVE CAPITAL BUDGETING
Cash 2,000,000 Accounts Payable and Accruals 18,000,000
Accounts Receivable 28,000,000 Notes Payable 40,000,000
Inventories 42,000,000 Long-Term Debt 60,000,000
Preferred Stock 10,000,000
Net Fixed Assets 133,000,000 Common Equity 77,000,000
Total Assets 205,000,000 Total Claims 205,000,000
• Last year's sales were $225,000,000.
• The company has 60,000 bonds with a 30-year life outstanding, with 15 years until maturity. The bonds carry a 10 percent semi-annual coupon, and are currently selling for $874.78.
• You also have 100,000 shares of $100 par, 9% dividend perpetual preferred stock outstanding. The current market price is $90.00. Any new issues of preferred stock would incur a $3.00 per share flotation cost.
• The company has 10 million shares of common stock outstanding with a currently price of $14.00 per share. The stock exhibits a constant growth rate of 10 percent. The last dividend (D0) was $.80. New stock could be sold with flotation costs, including market pressure, of 15 percent.
• The risk-free rate is currently 6 percent, and the rate of return on the stock market as a whole is 14 percent. Your stock's beta is 1.22.
• Stockholders require a risk premium of 5 percent above the return on the firms bonds.
• Your firm does not use notes payable for long-term financing.
• The firm considers its current market value capital structure to be optimal, and wishes to maintain that structure. (Hint: Examine the market value of the firm's capital structure, rather than its book value.)
• The firm is currently using its assets at capacity.
• The firm's management requires a 2 percent adjustment to the cost of capital for risky projects.
• Your firm's federal + state marginal tax rate is 40%.
• The firm has the following investment opportunities currently available in addition to the venture that you are proposing:
Project Cost IRR
A 10,000,000 20%
B 20,000,000 18%
C 15,000,000 14%
D 30,000,000 12%
E 25,000,000 10%
Your venture would consist of a new product introduction (You should label your venture as Project I, for "introduction"). You estimate that your product will have a six-year life span, and the equipment used to manufacture the project falls into the MACRS 5-year class. Your venture would require a capital investment of $15,000,000 in equipment, plus $2,000,000 in installation costs. The venture would also result in an increase in accounts receivable and inventories of $4,000,000. At the end of the six-year life span of the venture, you estimate that the equipment could be sold at a $4,000,000 salvage value.
Your venture, which management considers fairly risky, would increase fixed costs by a constant $1,000,000 per year, while the variable costs of the venture would equal 30 percent of revenues. You are projecting that revenues generated by the project would equal $5,000,000 in year 1, $10,000,000 in year 2, $14,000,000 in year 3, $16,000,000 in year 4, $12,000,000 in year 5, and $8,000,000 in year 6.
Note: Carry all final calculations to two decimal places.
1. Find the costs of the individual capital components:
a. long-term debt
b. preferred stock
c. retained earnings (avg. of CAPM, DCF, & bond yield + risk premium approaches)
d. new common stock
2. Compute the value of the long-term elements of the capital structure, and determine the target percentages for the optimal capital structure. (Carry weights to four decimal places. For example: 0.2973 or 29.73%)
3. Compute the retained earnings break point.
4. Draw the MCC schedule, including depreciation-generated funds in the schedule.
5. Compute the Year 0 investment for Project I.
6. Compute the annual operating cash flows for years 1-6 of the project.
7. Compute the additional non-operating cash flow at the end of year 6.
8. Draw a timeline that summarizes all of the cash flows for your venture.
9. Compute the IRR and payback period for Project I.
10. Draw the IOS schedule, including Project I along with Projects A-E.
11. Determine your firm's cost of capital.
12. Indicate which projects should be accepted based on your MCC and IOS schedules, and why.
13. Compute the NPV for Project I at the risk-adjusted cost of capital for the project. Should management adopt this project based on your analysis? Explain. Would your answer be different if the project were determined to be of average risk? Explain.
The expert discusses the capital budgeting average risks.
Dilbert Industries is developing its optimal capital budget for the coming year. They have identified the five potential projects shown below. Projects B and B* are mutually exclusive, while the remainder of the projects are independent.
Project Cost Cash flow Life (n) IRR NPV
A $400K $119,326 5 15%
B $200K 56,863 5 13%
B* $200K 35,397 10 12%
C $100K 27,057 5
D $300K 79,139 5
The following information was developed for purposes of determining Dilbert's weighted average cost of capital (WACC):
Interest rate on new debt 8.0%
Tax rate 40.0%
Debt ratio (Debt/Assets) 60%
Current stock price, P0 $20.00
Last Dividend, D0 $2.00
Expected growth rate, g 6.0%
Flotation cost on common, F 19.0%
Expected addition to retained earnings $200,000
(a)Assume that the projects are of average risk. What is Dilbert's optimal capital budget? Which projects should be undertaken? (b)What is the corporate cost of capital the firm should use for budgeting purposes? (c)Now suppose it was discovered that project A has been ruled out because of an environmental ruling. . How would this change your answers to questions (a) and (b)? Be specific.View Full Posting Details