Costs can be classified into two categories, fixed and variable costs. These costs behave differently based on the level of sales volumes. Suppose we are running a restaurant and have identified certain costs along with the number of annual units sold of 1000.
Item: Raw Materials (cost for hamburgers)
Total Annual Cost: 650
Item: Building Rent
Total Annual Cost: 9000
Identify which cost item above is fixed and variable and why? What is the cost per unit of each? Suppose we increased our sales volume to 6000 units and then to 8000 units the following year (and are still within the relevant range), what would be the total annual cost and unit cost of fixed and variable costs?
Raw Materials (cost for Hamburgers) is variable cost with a per unit cost of 650/1000 = $0.65. The cost is variable because the cost will increase if you sell more units. This is because more patties will be required, more buns will be ...
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