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# capital accounts

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Please help with the following learning objective. Please provide computation in step by step for easy to understand to use as a guide for the following questions.

1. Twenty-five-year B-rated bonds of Parker Optical Company were initially issued at a 12 percent yield. After 10 years the bonds have been upgraded to Aa2. such bonds are currently yielding 10 percent to maturity. use Table 16-3 on page 498 to determine to price of the bonds with 15 years remaining to maturity. (you do not need the bond ratings to enter the table; just use the basic facts of the problem.) (Table 16-3, page 498 is from Financial Management Course 661, Lesson 24).

2. Carl Hubbell owns 6,001 shares of the Piston Corp. There are 12 seats on the company board of directors, and the company has a total of 78,000 shares of stock outstanding. The Piston Corp. utilizes cumulative voting. Can Mr Hubbell elect himself to the board when the vote to elect 12 directors is held next week? (use Formula 17-2 on page 535 to determine if he can elect one director.). (Ref Financial Management Course 661, Lesson 24).

3. Ace Products sells marked playing cards to blackjack dealers. It has not paid a divident in many years, but is currently contemplating some kind of divident. The capital accounts for the firm are as follows:

Common stock (2,000,000 shares at \$5 par)....... \$10,000,000
Capital in excess of par*....................... 6,000,000
Retained earnings............................... 24,000,000
Net worth..................................... \$40,000,000

* the increase in capital in excess of par as a result of a stock divident is equal to the new shares created times (Market price - Par Value).

The company's stock is selling for \$20 per share. The company had total earnings of \$4,000,000 during the year. With 2,000,000 hsares outstanding, earnings per share were \$2.00. The firm has a P/E ration of 10.

(a) what adjustments would have to be made to the capital accounts for a 10 percent stock divident? show the new capital accounts.

(b) What adjustments would be made to EPS and the stock price? (Assume the P/E ratio remains constant.)

(c) How many shares would an investor end up with if he or she originally had 100 shares?

(d) what is the investor's total investment worth before and after the stock dividend if the P/E ratio remains constant? (There may be a \$1 to \$2 difference due to rounding)

(e) Has Ace products pulled a magic trick, or has it given the investor somethings of value? Explain.

\$2.19

## Multiple Choice Questions on Working Capital: operating cycle, cash cycle, credit terms, accounts receivable period, accounts payable period, short-term financial policy, accounts receivable turnover, days in receivables, disbursements, net cash flow

Question 1
1. Which of the following statements is true?
b. Cash is decreased when new debt is issued to purchase holiday merchandise.
a. Accepting the credit offered by a supplier is a source of cash.
c. Increasing the use of trade credit offered by a supplier is a use of cash.
d. Collecting an accounts receivable is a use of cash.

Question 2
2. Which one of the following will increase the operating cycle?
e. increasing the inventory period
c. decreasing the cash cycle
b. decreasing the accounts payable period
a. increasing the accounts payable period
d. increasing the accounts receivable turnover rate

Question 3
3. Which one of the following actions should a manager take if he or she wants to decrease the operating cycle?
d. decrease the period of time for which credit is granted to customers
c. decrease the rate at which the average inventory is sold
a. delay payments to suppliers to decrease the cash cycle
b. increase the inventory level while maintaining constant sales
e. purchase all inventory with cash

Question 4
4. All else equal, which one of the following will decrease the cash cycle?
c. increasing the operating cycle
e. decreasing the accounts receivable turnover rate
d. decreasing the accounts payable period
b. increasing the inventory turnover rate
a. increasing the credit period granted to a customer

Question 5
5. Which one of the following credit terms is most apt to produce the shortest accounts receivable period?
b. net 10
c. 2/10, net 30
a. net 45
e. 2/20, net 45
d. 3/5, net 10

Question 6
6. Baker Industries offers credit terms of 2/20, net 60 to Charlie Co. Charlie Co. has an inventory period of 15 days and an operating cycle of 45 days. Given this, which of the following statements are correct? (I. The credit terms of Baker Industries are too restrictive; II. If Charlie Co. forgoes the discount on its purchases, it will have a negative cash cycle; III. Baker Industries is financing the accounts receivable of Charlie Co; IV. If Charlie Co. is delinquent in its payment, Baker Industries should be concerned)
b. III and IV only
a. I and II only
d. I, III, and IV only
c. II, III, and IV only
e. I, II, III, and IV

Question 7
7. Which one of the following statements is correct concerning the accounts payable period?
c. Managers generally prefer a shorter accounts payable period than a longer one.
a. The accounts payable period is equal to the cost of goods sold divided by the average accounts payable.
d. Extending the accounts payable period effectively decreases the cash needs of a firm.
e. Increasing the accounts payable turnover rate increases the accounts payable period.
b. An increase in the accounts payable period will increase the operating cycle, all else equal.

Question 8
8. A flexible short-term financial policy:
b. tends to cause more production interruptions than does a restrictive policy due to inventory shortages.
d. tends to lower the selling prices that can be charged versus the prices under a restrictive policy.
c. lowers the costs of maintaining current assets.
e. tends to indicate that the carrying costs of a firm are relatively high as compared to the shortage costs.
a. tends to increase the cash inflows of a firm in the future more so than a restrictive policy does.

Question 9
9. A firm which adopts a compromise short-term financial policy:
a. borrows sufficient long-term money so that short-term financing can be avoided.
c. relies primarily on short-term debt to meet all of its financing needs.
d. will sometimes have cash surpluses and sometimes have cash shortfalls.
b. finances its long-term assets with a combination of short-term and long-term debt.
e. will maintain a constant level of long-term debt as the firm increases in size.

Question 10
10. A negative net cash inflow on a cash budget indicates that a firm:
a. has cash outflows other than those related to accounts payable.
d. is facing bankruptcy.
e. has projected cash disbursements that exceed the projected cash collections.
c. has funds available for short-term investing.
b. utilizes both short and long-term debt.

Question 11
11. Nelson's Mulch has the following current account values for the year.

Account Beginning Balance Ending Balance

Accounts receivable \$1,300 \$1,450

Inventory 2,100 1,900

Accounts payable 1,500 1,250

These accounts represent a net _____ of cash for the year of:

e. use; \$250.
a. source; \$100.
b. source; \$150.
d. use; \$200.
c. use; \$100.

Question 12
12. Wayne's Wells has sales for the year of \$48,900 and an average inventory of \$8,800. The cost of goods sold is equal to 60 percent of sales and the profit margin is 5 percent. How many days on average does it take the firm to sell an inventory item?
a. 95 days
e. 109 days
d. 104 days
b. 99 days
c. 101 days

Question 13
13. The accounts receivable turnover rate for the Bedford Bedding Co. has gone from an average of 6.7 times to 7.2 times per year. The days in receivables has:
a. decreased by 7 days.
b. decreased by 4 days.
e. increased by 7 days.
d. increased by 5 days.
c. increased by 4 days.

Question 14
14. The Winters Co. has annual sales of \$918,700. Cost of goods sold is equal to 55 percent of sales. The firm has an average accounts payable balance of \$72,400. How many days on average does it take The Winters Co. to pay its suppliers?
c. 38 days
d. 46 days
e. 52 days
b. 34 days
a. 29 days

Question 15
15. The Sun Lee Co. has a receivables turnover rate of 11.5, a payables turnover rate of 9.8, and an inventory turnover rate of 13.6. What is the length of the firm's operating cycle?
c. 37 days
a. 15 days
b. 22 days
d. 59 days
e. 67 days

Question 16
16. Robert's International currently has an inventory turnover of 15, a receivables turnover of 18, and a payables turnover of 10. How many days are in the cash cycle?
a. 8 days
c. 45 days
e. 81 days
b. 22 days
d. 74 days

Question 17
17. Die Cast, Inc., has these projected sales estimates:

April May June July

Sales \$1,200 \$1,300 \$1,700 \$1,900

The company collects 15 percent of its sales in the month of sale, 70 percent in the following month, and another 12 percent in the second month following the month of sale. Die Cast never collects 3 percent of its sales. What is the amount of the June collections?

b. \$1,406
c. \$1,423
e. \$1,631
d. \$1,447
a. \$1,309

Question 18
18. The Thomas-Davis Co. has the following estimated sales:

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4

Sales \$3,800 \$3,300 \$2,800 \$4,400

Purchases are equal to 67 percent of the following quarter's sales. The accounts receivable period is 45 days and the accounts payable period is 60 days. Assume that there are 30 days in each month. Thomas-Davis will purchase _____ of goods in quarter 3 and pay their suppliers _____ during quarter 3.

a. \$1,876; \$2,099
b. \$1,876; \$2,233
d. \$2,948; \$2099
c. \$2,948; \$1,876
e. \$2,948; \$2,233

Question 19
19. The Co-Co Co. purchases are equal to 55 percent of the following month's sales. The accounts payable period for the purchases is 60 days while all other expenditures are paid in the month during which they are incurred. Assume that each month has 30 days. The company has compiled this information:

April May June July

Sales \$4,500 \$5,200 \$5,700 \$6,100

Payroll expenses 400 500 550 575

Rent and other expenses 900 940 980 1,020

Taxes and insurance 2,500 100 2,500 0

What is the total amount of Co-Co's disbursements for the month of June?

d. \$7,165
c. \$6,890
b. \$5,352
a. \$4,360
e. \$8,048

Question 20
20. The Complete Co. has projected their first quarter sales at \$7,500, second quarter sales at \$8,000, and third quarter sales at \$8,400. The firm's cost of goods sold is equal to 55 percent of the next quarter's sales. The accounts receivable period is 45 days and the accounts payable period is 60 days. At the beginning of the first quarter, the firm has an accounts receivable balance of \$3,600 and an accounts payable balance of \$2,750. The firm pays \$1,200 a month in cash expenses and \$200 a month in taxes. At the beginning of the first quarter, the cash balance is \$300 and the short-term loan balance is zero. During the first quarter, the firm is planning on spending \$2,500 for some new equipment. The firm maintains a minimum cash balance of \$25. Assume that each month has 30 days. The net cash flow for the first quarter is _____ and the cumulative cash surplus (deficit) at the end of the first quarter, prior to any short-term borrowing, is:
b. -\$767; -\$492.
a. -\$767; -\$518.
c. -\$767; -\$467.
d. \$1,733; -\$518.
e. \$1,733; -\$492.

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