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The Issue Of Job Discrimination & Affirmative Action

For over two hundred years, white males have been the most powerful group in the United States. Through economic exclusions, enforced by laws and reinforced by deep cultural attitudes, there has existed, in effect, a preferential hiring program for white males.

In light of that historical reality and the dynamics that remain in our culture, evaluate the contemporary strategy of affirmative action for minorities to bring about more fairness in hiring and promotion practices. Explain and defend your arguments concerning affirmative action and "reverse discrimination."

Solution Preview

I think the best way to approach the issue of discrimination with respect to minorities is first to list the arguments for discrimination; then to list the arguments against discrimination; and, finally the moderate position on discrimination, including issues concerning reverse discrimination arguments. From these arguments, you can decide which apply to the situation(s) you are examining in terms of discrimination. (I imagine this will give you quite a bit of food for thought). If you have any further questions, or need something clarified in regard to these issues, feel free to contact me.

According to Thiroux (2001) in relation to the argument for discrimination is that business employment practices are its own affair, and if employees want to hire white men, for example, then they have a right to do so without interference because they are the owners of the businesses. Furthermore, according to Thiroux, even if one accepts the notion that there has been discrimination in the past, this is seldom the fault of present employees; therefore they should not have to correct deficiencies they did not cause. According to this author, even if the employers themselves have been guilty of employment discrimination in the past, they shouldn't be forced to hire those discriminated against in order to make amends for their former wrongdoing. Also, the argument goes discriminatory practices did not occur only in business; they occurred everywhere. Therefore, according to this author, there is no reason why ...

Solution Summary

This paper seeks to address the arguments for and against job discrimination, affirmative action, and reverse discrimination. Such issues as whether present employers should be allowed to hire whom they wish to hire, or whether they should be forced, according to affirmative action rules, hire a person who is a minority is discussed. In addition should employers be held responsible for wrongs which were committed in the past is discussed, as well as whether current generations, should in fact be held responsible for past wrongs? Thus, the issue of whether or not present day employers should base their employment practices on affirmative action is observed from the perspective of what constitutes or implies moral and/or ethical personal responsibility? For example, can there be a higher ethical or moral responsibility which human beings can follow in terms of these very important issues?