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Auditing procedures, substantive testing and collections

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Please see the attached file for the questions. They are about auditing procedures such as substantive testing and collections.

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Solution Summary

This solution answers and explains each of the auditing study questions presented. These questions are in regards to accounts receivables, substantive tests and other common auditing areas.

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Auditing the sales and collection cycle

Please help me so I can complete the following:

You are auditing the sales and collection cycle for the United Regional Hospital, a small not-for-profit hospital. The hospital has a reputation for excellent medical services and weak record keeping. The medical people have a tradition of doing all aspects of their job correctly, but because of a shortage of accounting personnel, there is no time for internal verification or careful performance. In previous years, your audit firm has found quite a few misstatements in billings, cash receipts, and accounts receivable.

As in all hospitals, the two largest assets are accounts receivable and property, plant and equipment. The hospital has several large loans payable to local banks, and the two banks have told management that they are reluctant to extend more credit, especially considering the modern hospital that is being built in a nearby city.

In the past, government taxes have made up deficits, but in the past year, the government has been incurring deficits because of high unemployment. In previous years, your response from patients to confirmation requests has been frustrating at best. The response rate has been extremely low, and those who did respond did not know the purpose of the confirmations or their correct outstanding balance.

You have had the same experience in confirming receivables at other hospitals. You conclude that control over cash is excellent and the likelihood of fraud is extremely small. You are less confident about unintentional errors in billing, recording sales, cash receipts, accounts receivable and bad debts.

(a) Identify the major inherent risks for this audit

(b) In the audit of the sales and receipts cycle, which types of tests are you likely to emphasize?

(c) For each of the following, explain whether you plan to emphasize the tests and give reasons:

o tests of controls
o substantive tests of transactions
o analytical procedures
o tests of details of balances

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