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Decision Theory

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The CEO of your company has been extremely frustrated with what has been occurring within the organization lately. In a recent managers meeting he exclaimed, "Everyone around this place just follows the status quo. No one ever has any unique ideas on how we can make this organization better. You just sit here and wait foA combination of concepts m might be at play in this group. For example, Group polarization is group-produced enhancement of members' preexisting tendencies; a strengthening of the members' average tendency, not a split within the group. Groupthink is the "The mode of thinking that persons engage in when concurrence-seeking becomes so dominant in a cohesive in-group that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action." -Irving Janis (1971). On the other hand, conformity is a change in behavior or belief as a result of real or imagined group pressure (Learning Center, n.d.).

The concept that seems the most likely is that they have influenced the group decisions is Groupthink; because; it seems that the group is no longer making realistic appraisals of alternative course of actions: "No one ever has any unique ideas on how we can make this organization better. You just sit here and wait for me to give you directions on what to do." (From the case scenario). However, conformity might also be at play, as the norm for the group might be to follow directions without asking questions, and pressures members to conform to this norm as seen in the CEOs words: "you follow those directions word for word without asking any questions or making any improvements".

Group polarization might also be acting as a force because, this phenomenon presents in groups by people tending to be more extreme in their decisions. For example, people who tend to take risky decisions will make riskier decisions in a group as the risk is shared (risky shift). People who are more conservative will tend to make very conservative decisions as they take on the persona of the group and try to protect them from the effects of any risky decisions (Group Polarization Phenomenon). The latter seems true for this group, as they just follow the status quo, not willing to take any risk at all, just following orders.
r me to give you directions on what to do. Then you follow those directions word for word without asking any questions or making any improvements. We need to change this attitude and change it quickly" He then pointed out each of your group members and said, "You are in charge of fixing this and I want a strategy to fix this on my desk in one week!"

The CEO has created a group to analyze the possible causes and to identify recommendations to overcome what he sees as detrimental to the organizations success. YOU have been selected to be a member of this group.

Your group must do analysis, have discussions (either via the small group chat or discussion board) and come to a consensus to prepare a report (paper) that addresses the following:

Identify the decision theory or theories that your group believes best explains what is occurring within the organization (is the decision making behavior within the organization best explained by using groupthink, social comparison theory, conformity, group polarization, a combination of these concepts, or all of these concepts?). Be sure your group report fully supports your group's conclusions?

CITATION AND REFERENCES ARE NEEDED IN APA STYLE

Any help will be much appreciated. Thank you!

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Hi,

Let's take a closer look.

REESPONSE:

A combination of concepts might be at play in this group. For example, group polarization is group-produced enhancement of members' preexisting tendencies; a strengthening of the members' average tendency, not a split within the group. Groupthink is the "The mode of thinking that persons engage in when concurrence-seeking becomes so dominant in a cohesive in-group that it tends to override realistic appraisal of alternative courses of action." -Irving Janis (1971). On the other hand, conformity is a change in behavior or belief as a result of ...

Solution Summary

In reference to the case scenario, this solution identifies the decision theory or theories that best explains the decision-making processes occurring within the organization e.g. using groupthink, social comparison theory, conformity, group polarization, a combination of these concepts, or all of these concepts.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Models of Decision Making: differences between rational and irrational decision making

Re-review the information in the assigned text for Unit 2 (Chapter 7, 8 & 9) and do a bit of outside research (outside the text using the AIU Library or the Internet) on the differences between rational and irrational decision making. These terms aren't static and are relatively fluid (in other words our interpretation of what is rational or irrational can change with circumstances or time).

For this project consider the fact that at one point in US history the decision to own slaves was considered rational and informed. Today we would consider the decision to own slaves "irrational". For this project:

1. Identify one other example of a decision (past or present) that was once considered "rational" but that is now reviewed as "irrational".
2. Explain, in detail, why the decision was once considered "rational" but would now be considered "irrational".
3. Identify the decision theory (from our learning in Unit 2) you believe was used in the original decision making within your example. Be sure to fully support "why" the theory you selected was present. Simply naming a theory won't be enough...you need to support your answer.

HINT HINT HINT...Part 3 asks you to identify a THEORY from our learning in Unit 2 that applies to your example. Be sure you pick a THEORY and remember you must do more than name a theory...you must also explain HOW & WHY the theory you selected specifically applies to the example you chose. Don't "define" the theory or explain the example again. YOU as the analyst must TIE the theory selected and event together)
***********************************************************************************
Do not try to answer the questions in this project or prepare your paper until AFTER you have completed the Unit 2 Activity.

Please view the attachment.

To access and complete the Unit 2 Activity click on the Course Materials link on the navigation bar that runs down the left side of the virtual classroom. Select and click on the next link titled Unit 2 Multimedia Course Material link and finally click on the "activity" icon.

Note...there are multiple scenarios within the Unit 2 activity. Your goal is to try to identify the most applicable decision concept (from our learning in Unit 2) for each scenario, support your conclusions, and then provide a summary analysis about what you've learned.

There are three (3) parts to this project. Your research paper should address each one fully and thoroughly.
Part 1: Review each situation (there are multiple scenarios within the activity) and identify which decision concept (theory, principle, model, etc.) from our learning in Unit 2 you believe to be present. Make sure you also explain (for each concept identified) "how" and "why" you arrived at your conclusion. In other words; what information helped you select each concept for each situation?

Part 2: Look at the different decision concepts you identified in part 1. What do you think those different concepts imply about how people make decisions?

Part 3: Do the decisions we make always need to be rational? Under what circumstances are we (decision makers) likely to make irrational choices?

Make sure you reinforce your work with suitable references from the text book and other authoritative and credible references, which must enhance the quality of your response. In the process please use correct APA citation style.

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