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    Performance Report: comparing budget and actual profit

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    Performance Reports: below is a performance report that compares budgeted and actual profit in the sporting goods department of Maxwell's department store for the month of December.

    Maxwell's department store
    Sporting Goods
    Performance Report
    December 2008

    Budget Actual Difference
    Sales $600, 000 $675,000 $75,000
    Less:
    Cost of merchandise $300,000 $375,000 $75,000
    Salaries of sales staff $60,000 $68,000 $8,000
    Controllable profit $240,000 $232,000 $8,000

    Required:
    A. Evaluate the department in terms of its increases in sales and expenses. Do you believe it would be useful to investigate either or both of the increase in expenses?
    B. Consider storewide electricity cost. Would this cost be a controllable or noncontrollable cost for the manager sporting goods? Would it be useful to include a share of storewide electricity cost on the performance report for sporting goods?

    Problem 1-5. Performance report: At the end of 2008. Cyril Fedako, CFO for Fedako products, received a report comparing budgeted and actual production costs for the company's plant in forest lake, Minnesota:

    Manufacturing costs
    Forest lake plant
    Budget versus actual 2008

    Budget Actual Difference
    Materials $3,000,000 $3,300,000 $300,000
    Direct labor 2,100,000 2,300,000 200,000
    Supervisory salaries 375,000 400,000 25,000
    Utilities 75,000 85,000 25,000
    Machine maintenance 250,000 280,000 10,000
    Depreciation of building 50,000 50,000 -0-
    Depreciation of equipment 200,000 205,000 5,000
    Janitorial 120,000 135,000 15,000
    Total $6,170,000 6,755,000 585,000

    His first thought was that costs must be out of control since actual costs exceed the budget by $585,000. However, he quickly recalled that the budget was set assuming a production level of $50,000 units. The forest lake plant actually produced $55,000 units in 2008.

    Required:

    A. Given that production was greater than planned, should Cyril expect that all actual costs will be greater than budgeted? Which costs would you expect to increase, and which costs would you expect to remain relatively constant?
    B. Cyril is extremely busy-the company has six other plants. Therefore, he cannot spend time investigation every department from the budget. With this in mind, which costs should Cyril concentrate on his investigation of budget differences?

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